UN and Africa: focus on South Sudan, Zimbabwe and Central African Republic

Probe into South Sudan July attacks points to "lack of leadership"

During July's outbreak of violence in South Sudan, there was a "lack of leadership" and clarity over the UN's mandate, the head of an independent special investigation team has concluded. Acts of violence were committed against civilians and peacekeepers in the capital Juba between 8th and 11th of July, by the South Sudanese army, SPLA, and opposition forces. The Secretary-General quickly appointed a Special Investigation Team to determine the circumstances surrounding the incidents. Ban Ki-moon was also concerned about allegations that the UN Mission there, UNMISS, did not respond appropriately to prevent this and other serious crimes of sexual violence, such as the attack at the hotel complex known as "Terrain Camp". The head of the investigation, Retired Major General Patrick Cammaert, spoke to Jocelyne Sambira about the findings.

Zimbabwe: probe ongoing for missing activist Itai Dzamara

Zimbabwe's human rights record has been in the spotlight at the UN in Geneva. In a scheduled review, the government has responded to concerns about serious restrictions on freedom of expression and the excessive use of force by security services. Harare was also pushed for news of journalist Itai Dzamara, who went missing 18 months ago. Daniel Johnson has the story.

"Moment of hope" for reconciliation and development in CAR

A "moment now of hope" has arrived in the Central African Republic (CAR) which could represent a new era of reconciliation and development. That's the view of UN Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson, speaking in the capital of CAR, Bangui, shortly after meeting the country's new president, Faustin-Archange Touadera. Three years of fighting between Christian and Muslim armed factions fuelled instability across the country. Tensions are still high in Bangui and violent demonstrations took place outside the headquarters of the UN Mission last month, leaving four dead. Jean-Pierre Ramazani asked Mr Eliasson what action the UN should be taking against armed groups in CAR.

Presenter: Matthew Wells

Production Assistant: Sandra Guy

Duration: 10'00?

Source: United Nations Radio.

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