In 2005, the EU and its Member States committed to achieve the 0.7% Official Development Assistance (ODA) to gross national income (GNI) target(1) by 2015(2). In 2015, the EU and its Member States reaffirmed their collective commitment to achieve this target within the time frame of the post-2015 agenda. They also committed to achieve the 0.15%-0.20% ODA/GNI target to Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the short-term and reach 0.20% ODA/GNI within the same time frame(3). Member States which joined the EU before 2002 committed to achieve the 0.7% ODA/GNI target, while Member States which joined the EU after 2002 committed to increase their ODA/GNI to 0.33%(4).
Although efforts to achieve the 0.7% ODA/GNI target need to be continued, EU ODA as a percentage of GNI reached its highest ever level at 0.51% in 2016, having increased from 0.47% in 2015 even against the backdrop of important budgetary pressures in many Member States. This represents around 60% of the total ODA to developing countries reported by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC)(5). In 2016, 23 EU Member States either maintained or increased their ODA as a percentage of their GNI.
The Commission shares the assessment of the Honourable Member that the need for development aid has not abated in the current global context. Recognising this, the EU and its Member States reaffirmed their commitments in the New European Consensus on Development and recognised the particular challenge faced by developing countries in Africa(6).
The Commission will continue to systematically monitor and report on collective progress and to encourage Member States to respect their commitments in this area, including through regular discussions within the OECD‐ DAC and at the Foreign Affairs/Development Council.