Tag Archives: AvianFlu

About FAO

2013
The United Nations General Assembly declares the “International Year of Quinoa” with FAO serving as the Secretariat of the IYQ, assisting the International Committee to coordinate the celebrations. Quinoa’s legacy is celebrated at headquarters with Peru and Bolivia during World Food Week. Also, this year a new partnership agreement is signed with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC),the world’s largest humanitarian network, to help improve food security and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable communities. FAO and the IFRC agree that FAO will provide technical guidance to complement IFRC’s extensive network of 13 million volunteers – who in turn reach some 150 million people – to assist poor households cope with threats and disasters that impact agriculture, food security and nutrition.

2012
In a landmark decision the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) endorsed the new Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security on 11 May 2012.  FAO launched a major fund-raising campaign with the aim of securing USD 20 million to translate into action the guidelines, aimed at helping governments safeguard the rights of people to own or access land, forests and fisheries. For the 2012 International Year of Cooperatives, FAO took the lead and partnered with WFP and IFAD and others to help the focus on improving the lives of millions of smallholder farmers and their families. 

2011
In a historic victory of veterinary science, FAO and OIE announced that thanks to a decades-long international cooperative effort, the fatal cattle disease known as rinderpest had successfully been eradicated in the wild. In July, FAO declared a state of famine in two regions of Somalia and appealed for US$120 million for response to the drought across the Horn of Africa. FAO Member countries elected José Graziano da Silva of Brazil as Director-General, to take office in January 2012.
2010
As the worst floods ever to hit Pakistan wiped out seed stores and killed millions of head of livestock, FAO responded with distribution of wheat seed to half a million farming families in time for the planting season. An additional 235 000 families received feed, medicine and shelter for their animals.

2009
FAO holds a World Summit on Food Security on 16-18 November to inject new urgency into the fight against hunger. Sixty heads of state and government and 192 ministers unanimously adopt a declaration pledging renewed commitment to eradicate hunger from the Earth at the earliest date

2008

FAO holds a high-level conference on 3–5 June on the impact of climate change and the biofuel boom on food security and food prices. Attended by 43 heads of state and 100 government ministers, the conference adopted a resolution to increase assistance and investment in developing world agriculture. The 16th session of the UN Assembly invites FAO to facilitate the “International Year of Potato.”  The resolution noted that the potato is a staple food in the diet of the world’s population, and affirmed the role that the potato could play in achieving internationally agreed development objectives, including the United Nations Millennium Development Goals.

2007
All 119 countries at FAO’s Committee on Fisheries in Rome agree on a proposal to develop a legally binding measure to tackle illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing practices, which cause severe economic, social, biological and environmental damage.

2006
FAO unveils its high-tech Crisis Management Centre to fight bird flu and other animal health or food safety emergencies. The service monitors disease outbreaks and dispatches experts to any hot spot in the world in under 48 hours. Together with the Government of Brazil, FAO organizes the International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ICARRD) to explore new development opportunities to revitalize rural communities worldwide.

2005
The 60th anniversary of FAO’s founding celebrated in a ceremony attended by Heads of State and Government, Ministers and other dignitaries from all regions of the world.
FAO launches an eight-year project to help countries implement its ‘Strategy for Improving Information on Status and Trends in Capture Fisheries’ and improve their collection and dissemination of fisheries data.

2004
FAO announces the entering into force of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, an essential legally binding agreement that encourages sustainable agriculture through the equitable sharing of genetic material and its benefits among plant breeders, farmers and public and private research institutions. In the same year we facilitate the implementation of the International Year of Rice (IYR) to promote improved production and access to this crop which feeds more than half of the world’s population whilst providing income for millions of rice producers, processors and traders. 

Following two years of intergovernmental negotiations mandated by the “World Food Summit: Five years later”, the Council of FAO unanimously adopts the Voluntary Guidelines to Support the Progressive Realization of the Right to Adequate Food in the Context of National Food Security (Right to Food Guidelines)

2002
World Food Summit: five years later, attended by delegations from 179 countries plus the European Commission, reaffirms the international community’s commitment to reduce the number of the undernourished by half by 2015.

2001
FAO Conference adopts the legally binding International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which supports the work of breeders and farmers everywhere.

2000
FAO develops a strategy for concerted government and UN agency action to combat chronic hunger in the Horn of Africa, at the request of the United Nations Secretary-General.

1999
FAO’s Committee on Fisheries adopts plans of action on fishing capacity, sharks and seabirds. FAO’s Fisheries Agreement Register (FARISIS) is built that provides up to 34 descriptor fields for each record and contains information on 1,927 agreements dating back to the year 1351.

1998
An FAO-brokered legally binding convention to control trade in pesticides and other hazardous trade in chemicalsis adopted in Rotterdam (the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent).

1997
FAO launches campaign against hunger initiative TeleFood. TeleFood ’97 reaches a global audience of 500 million.

1996
FAO hosts 186 Heads of State or Government and other high officials at World Food Summit in November to discuss and combat world hunger. Heads of state and representatives adopt the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit Plan of Action.

1995
FAO celebrates its 50th birthday. The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries is adopted in October to provide a necessary framework for national and international efforts to ensure sustainable exploitation of aquatic living resources in harmony with the environment.

1994
FAO launches the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS), targeting low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs).
The Emergency Prevention System for Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES), strengthening the Organization’s existing contribution to prevention, control and, when possible, eradication of diseases and pests, is established.
FAO begins the most significant restructuring since its founding to decentralize operations, streamline procedures and reduce costs.

1992
FAO and  the World Health Organization (WHO) convene the first global conference devoted solely to addressing the world’s nutrition problems, the International Conference on Nutrition (ICN). Governments pledge to make all efforts to eliminate or reduce substantially before the next millennium, starvation and famine; widespread chronic hunger; undernutrition, especially among children, women and the aged; micronutrient deficiencies, especially iron, iodine and vitamin A deficiencies; diet-related communicable and non-communicable diseases; impediments to optimal breast-feeding; and inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene and unsafe drinking-water.

1991
International Plant Protection Convention is ratified with 92 signatories.

1986
AGROSTAT (now FAOSTAT), the world’s most comprehensive source of agricultural information and statistics, becomes operational.

1981
The first World Food Day observed on 16 October by more than 150 countries.

1980
FAO concludes 56 agreements for the appointment of FAO Representatives in developing member countries.

1978
The Eighth World Forestry Congress, held in Jakarta, Indonesia, with the theme “Forests for people”, has a profound impact on attitudes towards forestry development and FAO’s work in this sector.

1976
FAO’s Technical Cooperation Programme established to afford greater flexibility in responding to urgent situations.

1974
UN World Food Conference in Rome recommends the adoption of an International Undertaking on World Food Security.

1962
The FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission established to set international food standards becomes operational.

1960
Freedom from Hunger campaign launched to mobilize non-governmental support.

1951
FAO headquarters moved to Rome, Italy, from Washington, DC, the United States.

1945
First session of FAO Conference, Quebec City, Canada, establishes FAO as a specialized United Nations agency.

1943
Forty-four governments, meeting in Hot Springs, Virginia, the United States, commit themselves to founding a permanent organization for food and agriculture.

Written question – Trade barriers to exports of poultry to South Africa – P-005609/2017

The export of poultry meat to South Africa currently faces serious obstacles because South Africa is failing to comply with agreements on trade under the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) due, for example, to the ‘anti-dumping’ duties and safeguard (SFG) duties. South Africa has also been keeping its borders completely closed to poultry meat from various Member States since the outbreak of avian influenza (HPAI), despite the HPAI-free status assigned to various Member States in line with OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) standards.

1. Does the Commission consider that Member States with HPAI-free status should be allowed access to the South African market again as soon as possible, and will the Commission make this a priority so that exports (for countries with HPAI-free status) can resume as soon as possible?

2. Does the Commission consider that it is unacceptable to fail to comply with trade agreements, and can the Commission indicate what measures are being taken in relation to South Africa for not complying with the provisions of the European Partnership Agreement?

3. Is South Africa’s planned introduction of a ‘safeguard duty’ of 35% for poultry meat from Europe legally possible under WTO rules and the agreements reached in the context of the European Partnership Agreement?

Lesotho, Better Prepared to Fight Animal Diseases

Diagnosing animal diseases early and rapidly is now possible in Lesotho, a country of two million in southern Africa that up until recently relied on foreign laboratories for analysis. Thanks to the support of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), veterinary scientists in the capital Maseru are since June using nuclear and nuclear derived technologies to identify and characterize viruses that affect livestock and humans.

“To keep diseases under control and be able to respond rapidly to any possible outbreaks, we need to be able to do our own diagnoses,” said Gerard Mahloane, acting Director General of Veterinary Services at Lesotho’s Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security.

The techniques are sensitive, robust and easy to use. And most importantly, they save time. The techniques allow for the identification of viruses — including Ebola and avian influenza — within a few hours and with a high degree of accuracy. “What before would take weeks to discover, we now see immediately,” Mahloane said. “This makes a great deal of a difference.”

Early diagnosis helps curtail the spread of a disease by making it possible to rapidly isolate and treat infected animals and patients earlier. This makes it easier for authorities and farmers to respond quickly to outbreaks and control them, should they occur, and to keep a good level of surveillance. Most of the viruses they study can be transmitted to humans as well.

With the help of these techniques, scientists at the Central Veterinary Laboratory have been able to demonstrate that Lesotho is free of foot-and-mouth disease, one of the most infectious diseases that kill livestock.

They are using the newly delivered equipment to verify if the country is also free of peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a highly contagious, widely spread disease that can kill thousands of sheep and goats per year, as well as avian influenza, a current outbreak in the region that has led Lesotho to ban chicken imports from neighbouring South Africa.

Philippine troops to help cull thousands of fowl in bird flu battle

NNA – The Philippines will deploy hundreds of troops to hasten a cull of about 600,000 fowl, the farm minister said on Wednesday, as part of efforts to rein in the Southeast Asian nation’s first outbreak of bird flu.

There has been no case of human transmission after the flu was detected on a farm in the province of Pampanga, about 75 km (47 miles) north of the capital Manila, but it has spread to about 36 other farms and nearly 40,000 birds have died.

“I have asked the Philippine army to provide us with additional warm bodies to help us in depopulating the farms,” Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Pinol told a news conference.

“Six hundred thousand is no mean job. Our personnel are facing a difficult task and we lack people.”

Pinol said the government had about 200 men in the area, but fewer than 20,000 birds had been culled since the outbreak was reported.

Brigadier-General Rodel Mairo Alarcon said at least 300 soldiers would be sent to the province on Thursday to assist in the cull of chicken, quail and ducks.

“The Philippines army and the Armed Forces of the Philippines is 100 percent in support of this effort,” Alarcon said.

Soldiers will be given protective gear and doses of a drug, Tamiflu, to guard them against possible infection.

Two sick farm workers from the area have tested negative for the virus, health ministry spokesman Eric Tayag said.

Although the health ministry has yet to identify the specific strain of the virus that hit the Philippines, health and farm officials say initial tests have ruled out the highly pathogenic H5N1.

Samples are being sent to Australia for further testing to determine the presence of the N6 variety of the strain.

The Philippines is the latest country in Asia, Africa and Europe and Africa to suffer the spread of bird flu viruses in recent months. Many strains only infect birds, but the H7N9 strain has led to human cases, including deaths, in China. —Reuters

=========R.A.H.

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Philippines reports first avian flu outbreak, to cull 400,000 birds

NNA – The Philippines plans to cull 400,000 chickens, quails and ducks after confirming the country’s first outbreak of bird flu, Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Pinol on Friday.

The avian flu outbreak was detected in a farm in a town in Pampanga province, north of the capital Manila, which later spread to neighboring farms. There has been no case of human transmission so far, Pinol told reporters.

“We will cull all 400,000 birds within a 1-km (0.6 mile) area. We don’t want diseases to spread,” Pinol said.

The source of the disease and the strain of avian flu were not immediately clear. There were indications as early as April of bird flu hitting one farm, but the situation worsened in July, with around 37,000 birds dying during the period, Pinol said.

He said he has informed President Rodrigo Duterte of the outbreak and a report will be submitted to the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health.

The Department of Agriculture will hold a briefing at 0800 GMT.

The Philippines is the latest country in Asia, Europe and Africa where the bird flu viruses have spread in recent months. Many strains only infect birds, but the H7N9 strain has led to human cases, including fatalities, in China. —Reuters

===========R.A.H.

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