Yemen Humanitarian Fund Annual Report 2020

This Annual Report presents information on the achievements of the Yemen Humanitarian Fund during the 2020 calendar year. However, because grant allocation, project implementation and reporting processes often take place over multiple years (CBPFs are designed to support ongoing and evolving humanitarian responses), the achievement of CBPFs are reported in two distinct ways:
Information on allocations granted in 2020 (shown in blue). This method considers intended impact of the allocations rather than achieved results as project implementation and reporting often continues into the subsequent year and results information is not immediately available at the time of publication of annual reports.
Results reported in 2020 attributed to allocations granted in 2020 and prior years (shown in orange). This method provides a more complete picture of achievements during a given calendar year but includes results from allocations that were granted in previous years. This data is extracted from final narrative reports approved between 1 February 2020 – 31 January 2021.
Figures for people targeted and reached may include double counting as individuals often receive aid from multiple cluster/sectors.
Contribution recorded based on the exchange rate when the cash was received which may differ from the Certified Statement of Accounts that records contributions based on the exchange rate at the time of the pledge.
Overall humanitarian situation
In 2020, Yemen remained the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with close to half of all families in acute need. The humanitarian situation was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, escalating armed conflict, economic decline, currency collapse, heavy rains and flooding, and a desert locust infestation. Significant funding shortfalls, compounded by a fuel crisis caused by a dispute over the use of fuel import revenue, affected the humanitarian response. Furthermore, extensive access challenges continued to hinder principled delivery of assistance. Yemen faces a growing risk of famine, severe acute malnutrition, disease outbreaks, conflict casualties, forced displacement and reversal of past development gains.

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

South Africa steps up coronavirus vaccinations as cases spike

PRETORIA— South Africa is deploying army medical personnel to its commercial hub and most populous province to help health workers battle a surge in coronavirus, the government said.

South Africa, the worst-hit country in the continent, has entered a third Covid wave, with new daily cases doubling over the past two weeks.

Gauteng province — home to the administrative capital Pretoria and financial hub Johannesburg — is the outbreak’s current epicentre, accounting for around 60 percent of the latest daily increase.

“We have requested additional capacity to assist Gauteng in terms of military help,” acting Health Minister Mmamoloko Kubayi-Ngubane said at a virtual press briefing.

The deployment will start “from today,” she said.

The military will provide support for health workers and help with community testing and contact tracing.

Daily infections jumped by 13,246 on Wednesday, the highest in five months.

Hospital admissions have increased by nearly 60 percent over the past two weeks.

To date the country has recorded over 1.7 million cases, of which at least 58,325 have been fatal.

President Cyril Ramaphosa earlier this week slightly tightened restrictions to curb the spread of infection and ease pressure on hospitals.

The third infection wave has struck as South Africa is struggling to roll out its vaccination programme.

Only around two million single shots have been administered since February. The government’s declared target is to fully vaccinate over 40 million people by the end of 2022.

Inoculation has so far only been open to health workers and over-60s, although teaching, police and military staff are set to receive their first jabs this month.

More than 70,000 military troops were deployed to help enforce strict lockdown measures at the start of South Africa’s coronavirus outbreak last year.

The soldiers returned to their barracks in October.


South African surgeons to reconstruct face of boy, 9, after Zimbabwe hyena attack

JOHANNESBURG— Plastic surgeons in South Africa are preparing to reconstruct the face of a nine-year-old Zimbabwean boy mauled by a hyena in an attack last month.
Rodwell Khomazana lost his nose, left eye, most of his upper lip, bits of his forehead and other parts of his face when he was attacked during a night-time church service outside Harare on May 2.
Doctors in one of the city’s main public hospitals did the best they could to patch him up and stabilise his condition, but lacked the resources to fully repair his ravaged face.
Unable to afford specialised surgery only available abroad, his mother contacted medics in neighbouring South Africa, who agreed to operate on him for free in a private Johannesburg clinic.
“When she mentioned the story of this poor child mauled by a hyena I couldn’t say no,” plastic surgeon Ridwan Mia said earlier this week.
Rodwell was flown to Johannesburg on Saturday and greeted by hospital staff singing South Africa’s national anthem.
Many wore white T-shirts printed with “Team Rodwell” and a drawing of the boy.
They clapped and cheered as he was wheeled into the building, a green hooded sweater pulled over his head and his face covered in white bandages.
A peephole had been cut over his right eye, through which he watched cartoons on a smart tablet.
Mia and his team will perform exploratory surgery on Monday, after which they will schedule a complex operation expected to last around 20 hours.
They will use tissue from other parts of his body to reconstruct his jaw, nose, mouth and cheeks. He will also be fitted with a prostatic eye.
“Unfortunately he will have multiple scars on his face,” said Mia.
“What we are hoping to do is a procedure where we minimise … the scarring,” he explained.
Rodwell “will never have a completely normal, unscarred face”, he warned. “But we want to give him something that will at least allow him to be functional and enjoy the things that other kids do.”
Donations will cover the costs of hospitalisation, which is expected to last at least a month with several touch up procedures.
A hotel has offered to accommodate the child’s mother during that time.
Mia said leftover money would be used for therapy to help Rodwell overcome trauma.
He noted psychological support would be particularly important for him to accept his new eye.
Doctors hope Rodwell will eventually “feel like a normal boy again”, Mia said.
“Unfortunately the harsh reality is we are dealing with a huge injury.”


UNHCR Applauds Somalia’s Open-door Refugee Policy

Three decades of violence have left 2.9 million of Somalia’s citizens internally displaced, but the country is also home to 25,000 refugees, including 6,800 Yemenis and over 700 Syrians.
Faith Kasina of the U.N.’s refugee agency, UNHCR, has praised Somalia’s open-door policy for refugees, which allows them to move freely and work, using their skills without the need of a permit.
“Somalia had its own challenges over the years, but we must applaud this country and government because they have maintained an open-door policy for refugees for the past 30 years despite challenges they have been facing,” Kasina said. “We know that refugees are now able to live among local communities in urban areas and that they can also move around freely in the country.”
Ifrah Salah Abdalla is among millions of Yemenis who have been displaced from their homes following the war between the Houthis and the Saudi-backed government. She arrived in Mogadishu six years ago and balances her time as an information technology student and a part-time cashier to support her family.
She said that when she arrived in Somalia, she didn’t face many challenges because Somali citizens stood by the Yemenis and openly welcomed them, both young and old, with the help of the UNHCR.
She added that the relevant government refugee agencies had been very supportive in business initiatives, such as opening restaurants and clinics equally to refugees and locals.
Ishak Abdullahi Elmi lived in Syria as a Somali refugee from 1996 to 2000. He is now among candidates vying for a seat as a member of federal parliament in upcoming Somali elections.
He said he thought refugees from Syria in particular should be welcomed in his country.
He said Syrians have skills and knowledge in such fields as business, education and medicine that will benefit local communities recovering from conflict.
Saed Abdullahi Alasow, director general at the Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs, said the Somali government has pledged to improve the lives of refugees in the country as per U.N. conventions.
He said the ministry had established a national refugee department and had put in place an asylum-seekers bill aimed at safeguarding the rights of refugees in the country.
Analysts say that as other nations close their camps, Somalia is becoming a role model in implementing U.N. conventions by welcoming refugees.

Source: Voice of America

UNHCR Touts Higher Refugee Resettlements, Eventually

U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi says he looks forward to boosting global refugee resettlements after sharp declines caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and drastic cuts to resettlements in the United States under the former Trump administration.

“The whole pace will pick up in a few months,” Grandi told VOA’s Celia Mendoza Sunday in an interview coinciding with World Refugee Day. “In the whole of 2020, we only resettled 34,000 people (globally). The year before was more than 100,000. The drop was enormous.”

Grandi hailed the Biden administration’s lifting of the U.S. refugee cap from 15,000 in 2020 to 62,500 for the current fiscal year, which ends September 30. But the U.N. refugee chief added that boosting the flow of refugees to receiving nations like the United States takes time.

“I don’t know if we’ll be able to get there (62,500 resettlements) that quickly. What is important is that there is an intention to get there,” Grandi said.

Grandi spoke as the global community observed World Refugee Day, designated by the United Nations to honor and celebrate the resiliency of those fleeing war, famine, ecological devastation and other life-threatening situations.
U.S. President Joe Biden said in a statement Sunday, “On this day, we reaffirm our sacred commitment to alleviate suffering through humanitarian relief and redouble our efforts to achieve lasting solutions for refugees—including through resettlement. We also recommit to engaging in diplomatic efforts to bring an end to the ongoing conflicts that compel refugees to seek safety elsewhere.”

There are more refugees today than there have ever been, according to UNHCR. In a statement, the organization said, “the number of people fleeing wars, violence, persecution and human rights violations in 2020 rose to nearly 82.4 million,” a 4% increase from 79.5 million at the end of 2019, which was then a record.

“And what is quite shocking,” UNHCR Assistant High Commissioner Gillian Triggs told VOA, “is that over the last 10 years the numbers of people who are refugees or forcibly displaced has more than doubled. Something like 48% are children or youths, so we really have generations of children who are separated from their countries of origin.”

World Refugee Day was held globally for the first time on June 20, 2001, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. It was originally known as Africa Refugee Day, before the U.N. General Assembly officially designated it as an international day in December 2000.

Source: Voice of America