DR Congo: Volcanic eruption in Goma – Situation Report No. 14, as of 07 June 2021

This report is produced by OCHA DRC in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period of 07 June 2021 (4pm Goma time).

HIGHLIGHTS

• The Congolese government announced the gradual return of displaced people to Goma and Nyiragongo territory

• Humanitarian actors are ready to support the Government’s action plan that is currently being developed

SITUATION OVERVIEW

On 07 June, the Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde Kyenge, announced the return of displaced people to the city of Goma and the territory of Nyiragongo. The authorities noted the end of the lava flow and the lava solidification as well as the significant decrease in earthquakes in the area.

The Congolese government has declared it will facilitate the gradual return of the displaced population between 08 and 20 June along the different axes: Sake-Goma (08-09 June), Nyiragongo-Goma (10 June), Rutshuru-Goma (11-12 June), Bukavu-Minova-Goma (15-17 June), Beni-Butembo-Lubero-Goma (16-17 June), Rwanda-Goma (19-20 June).

The Prime Minister also announced that people who lost their homes in the eruption will be temporarily relocated and will receive Government assistance to rebuild their homes.

In addition, Congolese authorities have announced the reopening of schools and universities as of 14 June in the city of Goma and the territory of Nyiragongo, once the buildings have been inspected.

According to an assessment conducted by the INGO INTERSOS, a partner of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 73 percent of the displaced people in Sake want to return to Goma. In Rutshuru territory, return movements to Goma continue.

To help improve the protection and security of IDPs, UNHCR and its partners have deployed protection monitors in Masisi, Kitshanga, Kanyabayonga (Lubero), and Kiwanja (Rutshuru) in addition to teams deployed in Sake, Minova, and Rutshuru Center. Child protection actors are also working in Minova, Sake, Lubero, and Rutshuru to identify unaccompanied children and reunite them with their families. The Protection cluster continues to assess protection risks, including the increased risk of gender-based violence (GBV) during displacement in order to mobilize relevant partners.

From 26 May to 04 June, UNFPA provided seven health facilities with 650 dignity kits in the health zones of Goma, Nyiragongo, Kirotshe, and Rutshuru for the care of pregnant women, breastfeeding women, women who have given birth, and GBV survivors. UNFPA also provided sexual and reproductive health kits in the health zones of Goma, Nyiragongo, Kirotshe, and Rutshuru. These kits have benefited more than 30,000 pregnant, lactating, and postpartum women.

Since 30 May, partners have provided 4,600 dignity kits to meet the needs of women and girls with special needs, women of childbearing age, adolescent girls, and vulnerable women in the displacement zones of Kirotshe, Karisimbi, Nyiragongo, Rutshuru, Mweso, and Masisi. These kits were distributed by the International Rescue Committee (2,000 kits), UN Women (600 kits), SOFEPADI (1,000 kits) and UNHCR/INTERSOS (1,000 kits).

Since 28 May, IMA World Health has increased the post-rape kits stocks with 150 individual provided to the Keshero general hospital in Goma (41 kits), the Kirotshe health zone (51 kits), and the Nyiragongo health zone (58 kits).

From 22 May to 02 June, 24 GBV cases were treated by the relevant facilities in the health zones of Goma and Kirotshe. 71 per cent of these were rape cases. All cases of rape were treated within 72 hours by service providers. In addition, three cases of sexual abuse of orphaned children/IDPs in foster care were reported and cared for.

In addition, since 28 May, humanitarian actors (DFJ, CAFED, CYW, Heal Africa, Hope in action, IRC, LUCODER, prevention and awareness-raising actors) have organized awareness-raising activities about GBV response mechanisms for at least 3,500 people through community media, small group discussions, door-to-door visits, and posters and banners (including promotion of the 49-55-55 toll-free number) in the Kirotshe, Nyiragongo, Goma, and Rutshuru health zones.

Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Desert Locust: Current upsurge (2019–2021)

This page presents an overview of current Desert Locust upsurge and recent photos and videos.

2018

● Cyclones in May and October brought heavy rains that gave rise to favourable breeding conditions in the Empty Quarter of the southern Arabian Peninsula for at least nine months since June.

● As a result, three generations of breeding occurred that was undetected and not controlled.

2019

● JANUARY: the first swarms left the Empty Quarter to Yemen and Saudi Arabia, reaching southwest Iran where heavy rains fell.

● FEBRUARY-JUNE: widespread spring breeding in Yemen, Saudi Arabia and Iran caused large numbers of swarms to form. Control operations were less successful in Iran and Yemen.

● JUNE-DECEMBER: swarms invade the Indo-Pakistan border from Iran and up to three generations occur due to longer than normal monsoon, giving rise to large numbers of swarms; In Yemen, swarms form and move to N Somalia and Ethiopia where breeding occurs and more swarms form.

● OCTOBER-DECEMBER: Swarms move from Ethiopia and N Somalia to Eritrea, Djibouti, E Ethiopia, the Ogaden, C and S Somalia to reach NE Kenya; hopper bands and swarms form along parts of the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea and Sudan.

2020

● JANUARY: Swarms continue to invade, spread, mature and lay eggs in Ethiopia and Kenya. Hatching occurs in NE Somalia. Other swarms move into interior of Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

● FEBRUARY: Swarms continue in Kenya, a few reach Uganda and South Sudan, groups reach Tanzania. Widespread hatching and bands in Kenya. Other swarms reach both sides of Persian Gulf.

● MARCH: widespread hatching causes a new generation of swarms to form in Ethiopia and Kenya. A few swarms invade Uganda and South Sudan. Widespread swarm laying and hatching in southern Iran.

● APRIL: More swarms form, mature and lay eggs in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen. Second-generation hopper bands form in Iran and Pakistan.

● MAY: Another generation of hatching and band formation in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen. Second-generation swarms form in Iran and Pakistan, and migrate to Indo-Pakistan, continuing to northern India.

● JUNE: Second-generation swarms form in NW Kenya and swarms form in Ethiopia, Somalia, and Yemen. Spring-bred swarms continue to move to Rajasthan and northern states of India.

● JULY: More swarms form in NW Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Yemen. Some swarms move N to Ethiopia, other swarms move from Yemen to NE Ethiopia. First-generation laying, hatching and band formation occurs along Indo-Pakistan border.

● AUGUST: Swarms mature and lay in NE Ethiopia, some swarms invade Eritrea and breed; immature swarms persist in NW Kenya and N Somalia; bands and swarms continue in Yemen interior, some swarms move to SW Saudi Arabia.

● SEPTEMBER: Widespread hatching and band formation in NE Ethiopia and Yemen, immature swarms persist in N Somalia, N Kenya. Swarms arrive in E Sudan and lay. SW Asia returns to calm.

● OCTOBER: Numerous swarms form in Ethiopia and move E; swarms mature and lay in NE Somalia and move S; breeding declines in Yemen interior but bands and swarms form on Red Sea coast; bands form in E Sudan, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia.

● NOVEMBER: Widespread breeding in E Ethiopia and C Somalia cause bands and swarms; cyclone Gati in NE Somalia allow extension of breeding to N; Red Sea coast breeding with bands and swarms in Sudan, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia.

● DECEMBER: More swarms form in E Ethiopia and C Somalia that move to S Ethiopia and NE Kenya (21 December); breeding in N Somalia and Red Sea coast continues.

2021

● JANUARY: Numerous swarms continue to invade S Ethiopia and N+C Kenya and a few to NE Tanzania; swarms move to NE Ethiopia and Eritrea; swarms move from Yemen to Saudi Arabia; more breeding in N Somalia and Red Sea coast, primarily Saudi Arabia.

● FEBRUARY: Swarms remain immature and decline in Kenya and Ethiopia; a few swarms in NE Tanzania; more swarms form in N Somalia; swarms form on Saudi Arabia Red Sea coast and move inland to spring breeding areas and lay.

● MARCH: Swarms continue to decline due to control operations and poor rains in the Horn of Africa as upsurge eases; laying, hatching and band formation in Saudi Arabia interior; a few swarms migrate to SW Iran via Kuwait.

● APRIL: Swarms end in Kenya but rains in Ethiopia and NW Somalia all swarms to mature; mature groups & swarmlets move N from Saudi Arabia to Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Sinai (Egypt).

● MAY: Hatching and bands form in E Ethiopia and N Somalia; immature adult groups form in C Saudi Arabia and a few move S; local hatching and few bands in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Fragile democratic gains at risk in Central Africa as violence by armed groups escalates

Attacks by armed groups including Boko Haram and Islamic State West Africa Province pose grave threats to Central Africa’s fragile stability, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative told the Security Council on Monday, while spotlighting crucial democratic gains that must be protected.

François Louncény Fall, who also heads the UN Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA), said recent incidents – including the death of President Idriss Déby Itno of Chad at the hands of rebel fighters, and that country’s subsequent political transition – illustrate serious obstacles to lasting peace in the subregion.

Transition in Chad

Noting that Chad sits at the nexus of the region’s toughest security challenges, Mr. Fall said dynamics in neighbouring Libya, Sudan and the Central African Republic, could negatively impact the country as it presses forward with unexpected political changes following President Itno’s death.

Those risks are further exacerbated by the activities of terrorist groups in the Lake Chad basin.
Supporting the country’s rapid transition to democratic and constitutional rule must be a priority for regional actors and the international community, Mr. Fall stressed.

He welcomed the convening of two extraordinary summits of Heads of State and Government, including one focused on the situation in Chad on 4 June, as evidence that leaders are determined to bring a regional response to the subregion’s ongoing crises.

Spotlighting the recent appointment by the African Union of a High Representative for the transition in Chad and a new Special Representative in the country, he said the UN will prioritize its support to those critical regional efforts.

Armed group violence

Meanwhile, non-State armed groups including Boko Haram, Islamic State West Africa Province and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) continue to pose region-wide threats to peace and stability.

Describing “horrendous” impacts on civilians, Mr. Fall said violence in northwest and southwest Cameroon has worsened, leading to widespread human rights violations and more suffering. The situation is further compounded by the aggravated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Calling on all parties to demonstrate their commitment to dialogue through concrete action, including the cessation of hostilities, he said coordination between countries of the subregion should be strengthened to better address the deteriorating security situation and escalating humanitarian needs.

Meanwhile, maritime crime in the Gulf of Guinea remains a serious threat, with more incidents recorded in Central Africa’s maritime region in the first quarter of 2021 that in the broader West African region.

Preserving democratic strides

Mr. Fall emphasized that Central Africa’s mounting security concerns must not be allowed to reverse electoral progress made by countries of the subregion in recent years.

He noted that, since his last briefing to the Council in December 2020, elections took place in four countries – namely, the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo.

Against that backdrop, the Government of Burundi convened a meeting of the UN Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa on 28 May, where leaders recommended the development of a subregional protocol on electoral governance and democratic elections.

They also underscored the importance of strengthening the participation of women and youth.

“As the subregion prepares for upcoming elections…I would like to encourage national authorities and all political stakeholders to promote continued dialogue and consensus,” said Mr. Fall, spotlighting elections in Sao Tome and Principe on 18 July as one upcoming opportunity.

He pledged to pursue the UN’s good offices functions to that end.

Source: UN News Service

World Bank Approves $50 Million to Continue Improving Critical Urban Services in Yemen

Washington– The World Bank Board of Directors today approved a $50 million grant from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries, to support the Yemen Integrated Urban Services Emergency Project (YIUSEP). This additional financing is for restoring access to critical urban services and strengthening the resilience of selected cities in Yemen to external shocks.

Yemen’s cities have been very badly affected by six years of conflict, with the destruction of urban infrastructure widespread. In January 2020, damage in the 16 cities covered by the World Bank’s Yemen Dynamic Needs Assessment was estimated at between US$6.9 billion and US$8.5 billion. Among the 16, Sana’a has suffered the greatest damage, followed by Taiz. Aden and Hodeida have also been severely affected.

Major roads and bridges—and municipal roads in Sana’a, Aden, Ibb, Taiz, Hodeida, Sa’ada and Amran, among others—have been severely damaged. The damage to urban roads has rendered large segments inaccessible to people and vehicles, with negative impacts on trade, mobility, and access to local services like markets, health facilities, and schools. Through YIUSEP, 234 kilometers of urban roads in eight cities have been rehabilitated, and access to critical services has been restored for more than three million beneficiaries.

Recent floods have also caused extensive damage to urban road networks, as well as to a number of key road corridors considered economic lifelines.

“This project is more necessary than ever. In addition to the devastating impact of the conflict and compounding effects of COVID19, Yemen is vulnerable to floods and other climate-related shocks” said Tania Meyer, World Bank Country Manager for Yemen. “Through an integrated approach aimed at building resilience in urban areas, YIUSEP II will support basic services, key corridors and off-grid power to health and education facilities”.

Yemen had one of the lowest per capita levels of electricity consumption—and the lowest level of access to it in the Middle East and North Africa region—before the current conflict worsened in 2015. Its public supply from the national grid has since largely shut down. Light emissions visible from satellite imagery indicate that electricity consumption has decreased by about 75%. The population and economy are suffering greatly from the effects the scarcity of diesel fuel is having on reducing the supply of electricity.

Its impact on critical facilities has been devastating: the country is struggling to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic because many of its hospitals and clinics have been damaged by the conflict and those remaining open face frequent power shortages. Under YIUSEP, solar systems were installed in water wells and 208 health and education facilities.

“The new project will not only support restoring critical urban services but also ensure that the country’s fragile public institutions are sufficiently benefiting from a wide range of training and other capacity building opportunities that can potentially maximize productivity and extend the reach of services to the populations in need,” said Federica Ranghieri, Senior Urban Development Specialist and Task Team Leader.

By working across sectors, the project aims to provide 600,000 Yemenis with access to rehabilitated water and sanitation, rehabilitate 60 kilometers of urban roads, and restore 39,000 megawatt hours of electricity capacity. It will be implemented by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in partnership with local Yemeni institutions. The project is aligned with the World Bank Group’s strategy for countries suffering from fragility, conflict, and violence, which focuses on remaining engaged in countries experiencing conflict in order to support their most vulnerable communities and key institutions.

The newly approved funds bring the total of IDA grants for Yemen to US$2.291 billion since 2016. In addition to funding, the World Bank provides technical expertise to design projects and helps put them in place by developing partnerships with UN agencies.

Source: World Bank

Nigeria – Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #3 Fiscal Year (FY) 2021

SITUATION AT A GLANCE
• 206 MILLION Estimated Population of Nigeria UN – December 2020
• 8.7 MILLION Estimated Number of People in Need in Northeast Nigeria UN – February 2021
• 2.9 MILLION Estimated Number of IDPs in Nigeria UNHCR – February 2021
• 308,000 Estimated Number of Nigerian Refugees in West Africa UNHCR – April 2021
• 12.8 MILLION Projected Acutely Food-Insecure Population for 2021 Lean Season CH – March 2021
• Major OAG attacks on population centers in northeastern Nigeria—including Borno State’s Damasak town and Yobe State’s Geidam town—have displaced hundreds of thousands of people since late March.
• Intercommunal violence and OCG activity continue to drive displacement and exacerbate needs in northwest Nigeria.
• Approximately 12.8 million people will require emergency food assistance during the June-to-August lean season, representing a significant deterioration of food security in Nigeria compared with 2020.

Source: US Agency for International Development