In February 2017, the European Council made ‘seeking to ensure adequate reception capacities and conditions in Libya for migrants’ a priority(1). The EU has mobilised enormous amounts of money to manage migration in Libya.
The latest financial package has earmarked EUR 90 million for improving conditions at Libyan ‘reception centres’. Yet reports about appalling conditions, including torture, abuse and human rights violations, are rife, with one German diplomatic cable comparing Libyan detention centres to concentration camps(2).
The Chief Prosecutor of the ICC, Fatou Bensouda, today announced that her office is considering opening an investigation into migrant-related crimes in Libya, including inhumane detention conditions(3).
1. Is Commissioner Hahn aware of the prosecutor’s remarks? If so, how likely does he think it is that an ICC investigation will include an examination of EU funds for Libyan detention centres?
2. Can the Commissioner, in the annex to his answer, provide a detailed and complete overview of EU financial support to Libya which was distributed and/or planned, for the purposes of managing migration, under the European Neighbourhood Instrument, the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, and the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, together with an overview of its beneficiaries?
3. In the light of the latest reports, will the Commission launch an independent investigation into the circumstances under which EU funds are spent in Libya?