An amount of EUR 365 billion — or 32.94% of the EU budget — was allocated to cohesion policies for the period 2014-2020. For many countries such as Italy, cohesion policies are now the sole means of financing capital expenditure. Between 2000 and 2016, average annual public authority capital expenditure was EUR 53 billion in Italy, around EUR 17 billion of which came from supplementary Community and national resources. In the South of Italy, that ratio is more marked: EUR 10 billion out of EUR 19 billion.
According to some media sources, the Commission is working on two scenarios for reducing the resources allocated to cohesion policy. These would result in appropriations not being allocated to regions with a per capita GDP in excess of 75% or 90%, respectively, of gross national income.
Can the Commission indicate:
|—||what stage has been reached with the proposal for the post-2020 MFF, the reasoning behind these scenarios and the likelihood of their actually being adopted in the post-2020 MFF;|
|—||whether it does not consider these cuts — despite their being necessary in the light of Brexit and with the emergence of new needs — to jeopardise cohesion policy and undermine the values of European solidarity it represents, and whether it would not be better to apply an across‐the‐board cut, thereby ensuring that all EU regions continue to receive funding?|
|—||whether it does not think that Member States should be encouraged to adopt measures to supplement cohesion policies and hence bolster their effectiveness?|