Written question – Benefits and risks of the Nord Stream project – E-000291/2016

The main objective of investing in the construction of new gas pipelines is supposed to be securing Europe’s energy security. However, the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline does not offer any new sources of gas. Yet again, the gas originates in Russia. The Ukrainian route has a capacity of more than 140 billion m3 of gas per year, which is three times higher than the planned capacity of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

One problematic aspect of Nord Stream 2 is the re-routing of almost the entire volume of gas from Russia to one city in Germany, from which it is to be distributed to the countries of central, southern and south‐eastern Europe, as well as Ukraine via reverse flow.

How will the EU take the position of Ukraine and its neighbours, as well as the possible impact — not only for Ukraine, but for the countries of central Europe — of losing the economically and politically important Ukrainian route into account?

What benefits for energy security do the Commission and the Council see in the Nord Stream 2 project? On the basis of what criteria does it assess this project to be compatible with the concept of the Energy Union and with the Energy Security Strategy?