TerrorismWestern countries, businesses facing increased terrorism threat: Aon
Risk levels are rising in Western economies due to the increased terror threat presented by Islamic extremists, according to the Aon Terrorism and Political Violence Map. The map, launched earlier this week, provides insight for business aiming to reduce risk exposures. Top risks for business include increased terrorism threats across developed economies, and a progressively uncertain and dangerous geopolitical environment, where the risk of armed conflict is growing amid changing and unstable regional balances of power.
Risk levels are rising in Western economies due to the increased terror threat presented by Islamic extremists, according to the Aon Terrorism and Political Violence Map. The map — launched earlier this week by Aon Risk Solutions, the global risk management business of Aon plc, in partnership with The Risk Advisory Group — provides insight for business aiming to reduce risk exposures.
Aon notes that nine developed economies (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland, and Norway) are all rated at increased risk. Many of these rises are largely due to increased terrorism threats, most of which stem from the rising influence of Islamic State (IS) as well as the ongoing threat from Al-Qaeda affiliates and supporters.
Top risks for business include increased terrorism threats across developed economies, and a progressively uncertain and dangerous geopolitical environment, where the risk of armed conflict is growing amid changing and unstable regional balances of power.
Scott Bolton, director of Business Development and Network Relations at Aon Risk Solutions, said, “The Aon Terrorism and Political Violence map is a key analytical source which helps our clients understand terrorism risk exposures across the globe. It is interesting that Europe is at significantly greater risk from the rise of the Islamic State. Businesses need to understand how they can mitigate against this risk in affected countries as well as build terrorism insurance programs that align more closely with their exposure.”
The map shows a mixed picture, with a net reduction on country risk ratings worldwide, but with political violence and terrorism risks concentrating and intensifying around a smaller number of countries. The risk rating was reduced in twenty-one countries and increased in just thirteen. The global picture is also one of marked polarity, with clusters of concentrated risk across South Asia (namely Afghanistan and Pakistan), North Africa and the Middle East.
Commenting on the findings, Henry Wilkinson, head of Intelligence & Analysis at The Risk Advisory Group, says: “This data highlights that terrorism and geopolitical uncertainty are risks that businesses cannot ignore — and they are as relevant to developed economies as to emerging markets. In a hyper-connected world faraway problems can affect local threats and political violence can spread rapidly with little warning. However, a high level of risk doesn’t automatically mean that these areas are closed for business. Companies can exploit the opportunities in any market with high quality intelligence and analysis, and a strategy to navigate and manage the risks.”
About the map
Aon says that the Aon Terrorism & Political Violence Map is intended to help businesses understand and calibrate the current risk landscape. The ratings reflect current general risk assessments of political violence risks and draw heavily on empirical data and robust analytical methodologies. Each country is assigned a score — negligible, low, medium, high, or severe — according to its risk of terrorism, civil unrest (including strikes, riots, and civil commotion), and conflict (including rebellion and war). The country’s total score is an aggregate of these variables.
The risk ratings are based on TerrorismTracker data from the previous twelve months, The Risk Advisory Group’s data and intelligence and consultations between experts from The Risk Advisory Group and Aon.
- 21 countries at reduced risk of terrorism and political violence (Albania, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Egypt, Fiji, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Panama, Tunisia, and Uzbekistan)
- 13 countries at increased risk from terrorism and political violence (Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland, Lesotho, Norway, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, and Ukraine)
- South America sees the most positive results, with the risk level falling in seven countries across the region, including Cuba and Honduras which have both seen the first drop in risk of the decade. This reflects counter-terrorism progress and moves to end long running conflicts in Colombia and Peru. No countries in Latin America are rated at increased risk in 2015, highlighting the potential for business investment across the continent.
- Elevated geopolitical tensions in parts of Eastern Europe and Eurasia contributed to two increased risk scores in the region — Ukraine and Estonia. Russia’s military manoeuvers and increase in military spending mean that the potential for further armed conflict in the area is no longer unthinkable, yet the overall outlook in the rest of the region is moderately positive, including in Central Asia with three reduced risk ratings.
- Sub-Saharan Africa is home to the most countries at high risk (sixteen), with discontent over government and socioeconomic problems driving civil unrest and conflict, creating a ‘triangle of risk’ stretching between Nigeria, Somalia and Libya. However, by contrast, Southern Africa stands out as a sub-region of relative stability. There is a similar picture across the Middle East, with a wide gap in risk between the stable, wealthier Gulf states and the Levant, Yemen and Bahrain.