Wester Cape Agriculture on Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza infections

No New Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) infections in the Western Cape have come to a halt.

Alan Winde, Minster of Economic Opportunities, said there had been no new confirmed cases since the last update on 16 November 2017.

There are currently 68 confirmed cases of HPAI in the Western Cape. There have been no new infections at commercial poultry farms since 18 October.

State vets are working with farms to disinfect their chicken houses so that they can start restocking. Common practice is for sentinel birds to be placed in houses as a method of detecting any trace of the virus. Some farms are already testing sentinels, and early reports show that they remain virus-free. While I am happy with this progress, restocking is not a process that must be rushed. If we rush it, we run the risk of reinfection, and the need to cull again.

Minister Winde added that since the infection rate had started tapering off, the industry was looking at proactive risk management plans.

This was the first time our industry was hit by Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza. The industry is already looking at risk management lessons that can be learnt from this outbreak.

State vets have put the following in place in respect of restocking:

Farms are advised to have a full biosecurity audit on the property performed by a veterinarian and address all recommendations and concerns arising from this audit prior to re-stocking the farm with poultry;

The property is still under quarantine and no birds or products may be permitted to leave the property until the quarantine is lifted;

The owner must sign that they understand restocking at this stage is at their own risk and no compensation or incentive will be paid if the birds must be culled due to HPAI;

Clinical surveillance on the sentinels or restocked poultry must be undertaken during this period;

If after the full 42 days since the first disinfection, the state veterinarian is satisfied that the property is free from HPAI, the quarantine may be lifted.

In terms of the impact on food prices, Statistics South Africa and the National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC) have analysed average egg prices.

The price of a 18 eggs climbed from R38.42 in September 2017, to R42.66 in October 2017.

Next month, the Bureau for Food and Agricultural Policy will release its detailed impact assessment.

Source: Government of South Africa