Over the last few months the EU has been confronted with unprecedented number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe. They are moving for different reasons; they are fleeing conflict, political and economic instability, human rights violations and poverty.
The EU, together with the member states, has taken a range of measures to address the challenges created by migration. But migration is not just an issue for Europe. Countries of origin or transit of irregular migration flows also need to be involved.
In April 2015 the European Council called for an international summit to discuss migration issues with African and other key countries concerned. The summit took place in Valletta on 11 and 12 November 2015 at the Mediterranean Conference Centre. The EU was represented by Donald Tusk, President of the European Council and Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission.