The country continues to face rapidly deteriorating security. Since January 2019, 434 security incidents were reported (as of 31 August/UNDSS), compared to 404 registered over the past four years (from 2015 to 2018).
The number of internally displaced people (IDP) continues to rise. In August, 33,007 new IDPs were registered and settled in urban settings, in spontaneous sites, as well as in schools, bringing the overall number of IDPs to 270,776 (OCHA 22 August 2019).
According to the Ministry of National education, literacy and national languages promotion (MENAPLN), 92 schools in 30 municipalities are occupied by 43,022 IDPs as of August 2019, and 74 per cent of these schools are in the Centre Nord region.
Five ambulances were looted, and one burned by non state armed groups in the health district of Sahel. Overall, 53 health centres are closed and 75 are working with minimum operations, affecting an estimated 553,978 people (Ministry of Health (MoH) 23 August 2019)
From January to August, 37,699 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been treated in nutrition services nationwide and registered in the national health information management system.
In August September 2019, UNICEF Burkina Faso updated its Humanitarian Actions for Children (HAC) based on the revised 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan. Accordingly, the 2019 HAC appeal has increased from US$36.4 million to US$47.6 million.
According to CONASUR, 57% of displaced children in 12 communes are deprived of birth certificates and 0,52% unaccompanied and separated children (UASC).
5,027 new children were reached with CP services of whom 118 UASC were identified
Situation in number
855,000 # children in need of humanitarian assistance out of 1.5 M # people in need (Revised 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan)
119,141 # children displaced out of
270,776 # Internally displaced people (IDPs) registered
553,978 # people without access to health
25,719 # Malian refugees (UNHCR)
UNICEF Appeal 2019 (revised HAC) US$47.6 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Attacks against civilians have continued during the reporting period, leading to additional waves of new and repeated displacements, mainly in the Sahel, Centre Nord and Est regions. As some of the host communities remain insecure, the IDPs seek refuge in more secured towns such as regional or provincial capitals. Many have settled in administrative or public buildings, including 92 schools. As of 22August 2019, there were 270,776 IDPs (44 per cent children) registered all over the country. All the regions of the country are currently hosting IDPs, although the most affected regions remain the Sahel (48.6 per cent of IDPs) and Centre Nord (40.3 per cent).
By the end of August, 53 out of 816 health centres in five emergency affected regions1 were closed. An estimated 553,978 people have no or limited access to nutrition and health services. Djibo health district (Sahel region) is the most affected with 17 closed and eight health centres working with minimum operations out of 41 health centers. Barsalogho (Centre Nord region) is the second most affected health district, with 10 out of 14 centers closed and Kaya (region Centre Nord region) with seven centres closed. Furthermore, 75 health centres are operating at reduced or minimum services. Of those, 22 are in Sahel, 22 in Centre Nord, 15 in Est, 11 in Nord and 5 Boucle du Mouhoun regions.
Humanitarian Leadership and Coordination
UNICEF Burkina Faso leads the Nutrition, Education and WASH sectors, and the Child Protection sub sector in close collaboration with governmental counterparts. UNICEF is also engaged and a member of the Health in emergency sector led by the World Health Organization (WHO). During the reporting period, UNICEF contributed to the extension of UN integrated offices planned in five cities, including expansion of the human resources (HR) capacity in the existing Dori zonal office. Since June, UNICEF has newly joined the UN common office in Kaya (Centre Nord region) and Fada N’Gourma (Est region), and the recruitment of 14 staff is at the final stage.
In August, UNICEF also initiated a partnership with the NGO REACH to strengthen the humanitarian information management, the needs assessment and gaps analysis. The partnership is also meant to strengthen the information management (IM) capacity of the UNICEF office, of partners, including CONASUR, and all other relevant and interested humanitarian staff.
UNICEF supported the government to set up a new decentralized child protection in emergencies working group (CPiE WG) in the Centre Nord region. To improve child protection case and data management, and with technical assistance from UNICEF Western and Central Africa regional office (WCARO), the CPiE WG developed a plan to extend the digital platform of the Child protection information management system CPIMS+ to the regions most affected by emergency (Sahel, Centre Nord, Nord and Est).
Source: UN Children’s Fund