UN and Africa: focus on ebola, lifestock vaccines and reduction of inflation

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Bruce Aylward. UNMEER/Simon Ruf

Ebola “sting in tail” shows need for vigilance into 2016

The outbreak of the deadly Ebola disease in West Africa has a “nasty sting in its tail” which is going to require the international community’s ongoing help, a top UN health expert has said. The warning, by the World Health Organization’s Dr Bruce Aylward, comes despite a huge drop in the number of new cases of infection. More than 11,300 people have died in the three most affected countries, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. It’s expected that Ebola will be contained by the end of the year, but WHO’s Dr Aylward told Daniel Johnson, the international community still needs to be on hand to provide support in the event of a new outbreak.

Livestock vaccine system launched in South Sudan

Cattle in South Sudan. File Photo: FAO/Jose Cendon

A new cold chain system that will protect livestock vaccines has been launched in South Sudan by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The new system includes three large freezers and fifteen smaller ones that will be used to ensure that serums are always refrigerated. If the cold chain is broken, medicines may be damaged and lose their effectiveness. The FAO also donated five million vaccine doses to control livestock diseases in the country. Dr Nimaya Mogga, a Livestock Officer with FAO, says the Organization is working on capacity building initiatives with government officials and community health workers.Regina Gorle has more.

Democracy an influence on “inflation dynamics” in sub-Saharan Africa

Agriculture is a driver for local economies. File Photo: UNMIL/Christophe Herwig

The election of democratic governments in countries in sub-Saharan Africa has provided the conditions for social and political stability and led to a reduction in inflation, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Agriculture is a driver for local economies, and the IMF says a stable environment is more conducive to production. This in turn prevents food shortfalls which cause rising costs and, ultimately, inflation. Oral Williams, IMF Mission Chief for Malawi, is the co-author of a research paper looking at what he calls “inflation dynamics” in the region. Bruce Edwards asked him how the picture has changed over the past two decades.

Presenter: Joshua Mmali
Production Assistant: Sandra Guy
Duration: 10’00″