The two Eid prayers

By: Muhammed Lamin Ceesay

We want to remind people that Arafah Day is this Wednesday inshallah, while Thursday is Eid-ul-Adha locally known as Tobaski.

The Eid prayers have been prescribed in the first year after hijra. It is an emphasized sunna. The Holy Prophet performed it regularly and commanded men, women and boys to go out for it. It is desirable for a person who wants to perform Eid prayers to use perfume, take bath and wear his best clothes for it. He has a special suit for Eid and Friday.

Hasan (May God be gracious to him) says, “The Holy Prophet commanded us to wear our best clothes, the Holy Prophet used best perfume and sacrifice the most fleshy animals”.

It is sunnah to eat before going out for Eid-ul-fitr and to delay eating until you return from the Eid-ul-Adha prayer. Then you should eat from the meat of the sacrificed animal if you have made a sacrifice. It is reported on the authority of and that the Holy Prophet did not go out until he at and an odd number of dates and he did not eat during the day of Eid-ul-Adha until he returned from the prayer. It is permissible to perform the Eid prayer in the mosque, but it is better to perform it in the Eid ground outside the city, unless it prevented by rain etc., because the Holy Prophet used to perform the Eid prayers in the Eid ground. He performed Eid prayer in the mosque only once, because of rain.

It is also desirable for both the Imam and the followers to return from the Eid prayer using a route other than that on which they go to the Eid ground.

Jabir (May God be gracious to him) says, “The Holy Prophet returned from the prayer using different route”. Jundub (May God be gracious to him) says, “The Holy Prophet used to lead the Eid-ul-fitr prayer while the sun had risen to the height of two spears and the Eid-al-Adha while the sun had risen to the height of one spear.

Ib Abbas (May God be gracious to him) says, “The Holy Prophet went out for Eid prayer and performed two rak’as. He did not perform any prayer before and after it”. The prescribed manner for performing these two prayers is summarized thus:

Imam and the people go out to the prayer ground at forenoon on the day of Eid when the prayer is permissible.

They do not pronounce adhan nor do they perform iqama.

The Imam leads the people and perform two rak’as.

He pronounces in the first rak’a six additional takbirs besides the first takbir before the recitation of the opening chapter; and pronounces in the second rak’a five takbirs beside the takbir for commencement of prayer.

He recites in them loudly the surah shams and the last part of surah baqra beginning from sabbih.

He performs two sijdas (prostrations) in each rak’a.

He recites Tashohud after which he pronounces salam.

He sits on the pulpit and delivers sermon sitting at the beginning and in the middle for it.

The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) said, “Whoever spends the eves of Eids worshipping for the sole purpose of winning Allah’s pleasure will enjoy serenity on the day of fear and anxiety. He said, “whoever spends the following nights worshipping, it is incumbent upon me to conduct him to paradise. These five nights are those preceding the 9th, 10th, and 11th of 2nd Hajja and the night proceeding the fifteenth day of Sha’bah.

Sermon

In the beginning is recited thrice which is followed by the words below: “My success in performing good deeds is only due to the help of Allah. I seek his help. All praise are due to Allah. He created the universe for the first time and will create it once again. He is doer of what he wills. He has a glorious throne. His punishment is very severe. He leads his best bondsmen to the right path. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his followers and have mercy upon Abraham and his followers in the worlds.” You are praiseworthy glorious.

Then should he said which is followed by the words below:

“O people fear Allah to whom you will return and know that you will meet him. So, whoever dislikes to meet Allah, Allah will dislike to meet him and who wants to make himself respectable through Allah.”

What are the most important Muslim festivals?

The two most important Islamic festivals are the two Eids. Eid-ul-fitr falls on the first day of the month of sinawwal, after Ramadan. It celebrates a month of fasting and the coming of the Quran. Eid-ul-Adha, which happens on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah, the last month of the year, is the Eid of Sacrifice. Animals are sacrificed in memory of Ibrahim’s obedience to Allah. Both days are public holidays in Muslim countries. They are days for prayer and for relatives and friends to visit each other to share food and exchange gifts. Presents of food, money and clothes are given to poor people, and muslims usually give food to all visitors on these festival days.

Giving gifts at Eid

The prophet once said; ‘Give gifts to one another because gifts take away malice’. From the Hadith it is clear that the prophet often gave and received gifts. Older people very often give sweets and money to children on Eid day. Gifts like these show that Muslims are willing to share their happiness and possessions with others.

The Eid schedule

Muslim families wake up early on Eid morning to bah and prepare for the mosque where special Eid prayers are held. Both men and women go to the mosque, but they sit separately. People embrace their friends and greet each other with Eid blessings. After prayers, they visit friends and relatives at home to wish them well.

New clothes at Eid-ul-fitr

Muslims like to wear new clothes on Eid, particularly at Eid-ul-fitr because that was when the prophet wore new clothes, sewn for him during the month of Ramadan. Sets of clothes are also given to less well-off people in the general spirit of sharing that goes with Eid.

Traditional food for Eid

Islam exists all over the world, so there is no particular food that is eaten by all Muslims at Eid. Instead Muslims in each country enjoy their own favourite dishes.

We are reminding everybody

“Arafah” Day.

Important of “Arafah” Day. Allah the Almighty said in Surah “Burugi” Verse 3 “Wasaahidinwa mashhudin.

We learned this from Isha radiyal kahu anhu said the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said there is no day where Allah the Almighty forgive people of hell fire than “Arafah” Day. Beside the Almighty Allah feel proud of his people and the angels on Arafat day and will said to the angels I have forgiven my people at the Arafah.

The significance of fasting during the day of Arafah. From an authentic hadith the prophet was asked the significance of fasting during Arafah and he said: “Allah the Almighty forgives your last year sin and the upcoming ones. Narrated by Muslim.

The significance of praying Arafah Day, from an authentic hadith the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said “the best prayer in Arafah day and what I said and the other prophets before me is “LAA ILLA HA ILAA LAA HU WAH DAHU LAA SARI KA LA HU”.