Note: A complete summary of today’s Security Council meeting will be made available after its conclusion.
MARIA LUIZA RIBEIRO VIOTTI, Chef de Cabinet of the Secretary‑General, said there was a pressing need for more action to implement the women, peace and security agenda, with prevention as a core pillar. Women were affected in negative ways by armed conflict and violence and comprised most of the victims of rape and human trafficking. In urban warfare, they were at risk in houses and checkpoints.
She said women’s underrepresentation in the security sector increased their exposure to harm and undermined their potential in conflict prevention. When the Council had visited the Lake Chad Basin, local leaders had emphasized the situation of women as a root cause for the current crisis. Mentioning other examples, she said the Secretary‑General was committed to promoting gender equality and to fully integrating the voice of women in conflict prevention. He had put forward a plan to achieve gender parity in the United Nations.
Noting that only 3 per cent of peacekeepers were women, the Secretary-General was working with troop- and police‑contributing countries to increase the number of female uniformed personnel. The new Office of Counter‑Terrorism was integrating a gender perspective. Reform of the peace and security architecture would emphasize gender expertise. Monitoring mechanisms should include a focus on women marginalization.
Tackling the root causes of crises included tackling gender inequality, she said. Gender indicators should therefore be strengthened. Seventeen years after its adoption, implementation of Council resolution 1325 (2000) was too often ad hoc. She invited Council members and other Member States to share evidence and examples in order to examine gaps and successes. She looked forward to working with Member States to ensure that women’s participation would strengthen the Organization’s peace efforts.
PHUMZILE MLAMBO-NGCUKA, Executive Director of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN‑Women), welcoming the Secretary‑General’s latest report on women, peace and security, said that that report celebrated progress and development of good practices, but also brought into the spotlight several alarming trends and setbacks. “The chorus of voices that are appalled by the persistent political marginalization of women in decision-making is speaking louder; the number of people who are determined to find new solutions to the human suffering caused by conflict is growing,” she stated.
Regarding progress, she noted the presence in the chamber of a Colombian activist who helped ensure that the peace agreement in that country mainstreamed gender equality, with more than 100 provisions for women’s participation. Unfortunately, the Colombian situation was an exception, she said. Indicators tracked by UN‑Women showed an overall decline in women’s participation in United Nations-led peace processes, inclusion of gender-sensitive provisions in peace agreements and consultation with women’s civil society organizations, in comparison with one year ago. Recent peace talks on the Central African Republic did not include a single woman, she lamented.
Political marginalization, she added, was not limited to peace talks. Only 17 countries had an elected woman head of State or Government, and the proportion of women parliamentarians in conflict and post‑conflict countries had stagnated at 16 per cent. The use of quotas and temporary special measures would help, she stressed, pointing to Somalia and Mali, where representation of women surged when such measures were instituted.
Turning to sexual violence, she said that atrocities against women and girls in armed conflict were now the focus of attention and documentation, with extensive evidence of such crimes in Syria, South Sudan and the Central African Republic. What was missing was consequences for perpetrators and justice, dignity and support for the survivors. “This impunity cannot be allowed to continue,” she stated.
Noting the work of her organization and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) among many others, she said the international community was assisting hundreds of thousands of survivors of sexual crimes, but many more could not be reached due to lack of resources, access and security. Conflict had also exacerbated extreme poverty, women’s responsibility for households, illiteracy, maternal mortality and child marriage in many areas.
Recalling testimony to the Council by one of the escaped Chibok schoolgirls in Nigeria, she said there was still much to learn about the rehabilitation and reintegration of returnees and their children. Regarding the work of the Council itself, she regretted that the participation of women in peacekeeping was still low and sexual exploitation by peacekeepers had not yet been stamped out. It was encouraging to see, however, the reduction in allegations of such abuse in the Central African Republic, improvements in victims support and assistance and a culture of accountability taking hold.
At the same time, she said it was dispiriting to see gender advisory expertise being lost due to budget cuts, while it was heartening to see that the Peacebuilding Fund exceeded its goals in funding targeted to women’s empowerment. She called on donors to continue supporting that vital instrument, with its 15 per cent standard for gender funding adopted by all post-conflict actors. With more resources, the Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, in addition, would be able to support women’s organizations in many more places.
She noted, in that regard, that women’s rights defenders were under attack and there was still not enough being done to protect them. She applauded the Council for regularly inviting women from civil society organizations to brief on specific countries and called on all Member States to support that new practice. She also welcomed the adoption of resolutions devoted solely to sexual exploitation, human trafficking and their intersection with violent extremism, as well as the work of the Informal Expert Group on Women, Peace and Security. “But this Council could do so much more to put its full political weight behind implementation of this agenda,” she stressed.
In order to build on progress, she urged the continued forming of alliances and coalitions, noting that regional rosters of women mediators had been established. The African Women Leaders Network was an example of growing cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union on the issue. National focus points and action plans on women, peace and security had proliferated and projects aimed at preventing violent extremism had been spread over several regions. There were also encouraging signs for gender justice in the international courts.
The women, peace and security agenda was now an essential pillar of global affairs, she said, adding “This is only the beginning. The chorus of voices that are appalled by the persistent political marginalization of women in decision‑making is speaking louder,” along with those who are calling for an end to conflict‑related suffering, she stated. “This agenda unites us because people from all over the world, every day, look up to the United Nations for peace, equality and inclusion”, she concluded.
CHARO MINA‑ROJAS, NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security, said that Colombia had become a new source of hope thanks to the comprehensive peace agreement that had been reached. Two provisions of that agreement were particularly progressive and could bring radical changes to future peace processes around the world. The first was the explicit inclusion of a gender perspective as an international principle, while the second was the inclusion of the “Ethnic Chapter”, which provided important safeguards to ensure the protection and promotion of Indigenous and Afro‑descendant People’s rights from a gender, family and generational perspective. The inclusion of those two specific principles was a historic advancement on peace and security that the United Nations and other countries experiencing violence and armed conflicts could learn from. The peace accord was also important for civil society, and in that regard, the engagement and active participation of women, ethnic groups and their communities was anticipated.
She emphasized that Colombia risked wasting an opportunity for peace if it did not completely disarm itself and if the communities most impacted during the internal armed conflict, including women human rights leaders and activists, continued to be ignored in the implementation of the peace accord. “I am here today to make visible their urgent calls and want to stress that for my people, it is actually a matter of life or death,” she warned. Ensuring the ongoing participation of women, especially from diverse communities, in all areas related to the implementation of the peace accord, was of critical importance. There was an urgent need for local women’s organizations and community leaders to be consulted and participate in the design of local protection strategies to keep communities safe.
There was also a need to guarantee women’s integral and collective security, she said, noting that the proliferation of weapons was fuelling increased fear and forced displacement among largely Indigenous and Afro‑descendent communities. It was also negatively impacting women’s participation and mobility, and resulting in increased sexual and gender‑based violence. Sexual and gender‑based violence and the stigmatization it caused, especially for Indigenous and Afro‑descendent women and their children, was a matter of integral and collective security. “The silence around these crimes is as appalling as the crimes themselves,” she stressed. It was also crucial that the framework put in place for the implementation of the peace accord include specific goals and indicators designed to measure the progress and outcomes of policies, programmes and reforms in a matter that corresponded to the needs, values and rights of Indigenous and Afro‑descendant Peoples.
MICHAELLE JEAN, Secretary‑General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, said 17 years ago it was agreed to underline the importance of women’s participation, on equal footing with men, in crisis prevention, mediation, peacebuilding, and maintenance and consolidation of peace and security. Women had not waited for the adoption of the resolution, however. In Liberia, for instance, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf had stood up to the war lords and had mediated between the fighting parties. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, women had always been among the first to seek reconciliation. Turning to women’s activities in Rwanda and Mali, she said the Ouagadougou Agreement of April 2012 had been drafted by four women who initially had not been allowed to speak, but were finally allowed to sit at the negotiating table. Women contributed to peace and security and it was a mistake to underestimate their ability.
“How many more resolutions, studies, high‑level meetings of independent groups and expert advisory groups are necessary to end this unacceptable figure of only 9 per cent women’s participation in some 30 major peace negotiations over the last 25 years?” she asked. Participation of women had led to a 20 per cent greater chance of achieving a peace lasting two years and 35 per cent chance of a peace lasting 15 years. More than lip service should be paid to ensuring that women were invited to participate in national dialogues. Why wait to address the fact that only 3 per cent of women were in peacekeeping missions, she asked. It was proven that the presence of women there would contribute to a better understanding of security forces and improve their credibility among the populations they served, she said, stressing that “Women inspire confidence”.
She said the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie had invested in women as peacekeepers and had been active in encouraging participation of women in missions and training them. The organisation underscored the importance of women’s participation to its member States. The climate of impunity and the trampling of human rights also affected women. Peace, stability and security furthermore depended on economic development. More must be done to increase financing for women’s participation in peace and security. Funding of grassroots women organisations should also be addressed.
More must be done to end impunity, she said. Years and resolutions had gone by but had not been put into action in that regard. Women were the first targets when the decision was made to annihilate a population. The rape of women and girls had become a weapon of mass destruction. Describing the horrors women had to undergo in several area, she underlined it was not only an African problem. The horrors took place everywhere in the world.
IVANNA KLYANPUSH‑TSINTSADZE (Ukraine) said the meaningful inclusion of women was perhaps the greatest, but most under‑utilized tool for building peace. Women played a prominent role in peacebuilding in Ukraine, with the President having appointed a woman to a position in charge of the peace process in the Donbas region and two women participating in Minsk working groups dealing with humanitarian and political issues. However, so long as foreign aggression continued, peace and security for most women in occupied parts of Ukraine would remain almost unattainable. They would continue to lack protection and live in fear, with almost no recourse to justice, remaining economically disadvantaged and living with limited freedoms. The Security Council must give priority to the protection and participation pillars of women, peace and security agenda, she said, expressing regret that impunity for human rights violations and abuses committed in the context of the Russian aggression against Ukraine, not least regarding sexual violence, still prevailed.
MARGOT WALLSTRÖM, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden, noted that she had travelled to today’s open debate directly from Afghanistan, where she met women and girls living amid conflict, struggling to make ends meet and keep their families safe whilst facing a constant risk of sexual violence. “Oppression of women is a global disease,” she said, with the use of sexual violence as a weapon being the ultimate manifestation of that oppression. Recalling her experience as the Secretary‑General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, she said it was a mistake to view such violence as inevitable, unspeakable and a lesser crime. A gender perspective must be incorporated in all aspects of peacebuilding, she said, underscoring the value of data and support for women’s organizations, but expressing concern that budget cuts and mainstreamed mandates could result in reduced gender expertise in United Nations missions. Member States must seize the current momentum for women’s participation in peace processes and put women’s full enjoyment of their rights at the core of international peace and security. “The frameworks and tools are in place,” she said. “It is up to us to make it happen.”
MATTHEW RYCROFT (United Kingdom) said that despite active annual discussions since 2000, year after year the implementation of the women, peace and security agenda fell short. He encouraged all speakers to be specific, therefore, about what their countries were doing to advance it. His country had worked in Somalia, Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan to increase women’s participation in all sectors. It had also directly addressed sexual violence and the resulting stigmas through a number of projects and was providing training on such issues for peacekeepers. He urged a reversal in the decrease in gender expertise in the United Nations. Women leadership had greatly expanded in the United Kingdom, but as more could be done an action plan had been launched, as well as a “gender compact” for missions. He urged all to institute such a compact and mainstream the issues involved into all conflict‑related initiatives.
SACHA SERGIO LLORENTTY SOLÍZ (Bolivia) also noted the challenges in implementing the agenda, which he said required international and regional cooperation, even though, he stressed, each country had unique challenges. Those particularities should be studied closely so the right capacities could be built for all United Nations initiatives. Empowerment of women must be built in both conflict countries and all societies. His country had put in place legislation in favour of women’s empowerment, most notably requiring equal representation in elected assemblies. The right to property and other economic empowerment of women had also been strengthened. As severe inequality was a driver of conflict, his State was playing a strong role in distributing wealth. He praised several countries that had also taken steps to strengthen women’s empowerment, along with reforms instituted by the Secretary-General.
FODÉ SECK (Senegal) welcomed the international solidarity being exhibited on the issue. He affirmed the necessity of empowering women in ensuring peaceful societies. Unfortunately, inequality in all areas remained on the rise and women continued to suffer from it. He expressed hope, however, that progress could be made both in policy and consciousness in advancing women’s empowerment. Expertise and financing for that purpose was critical. New international mechanisms were developing and that showed signs for hope. In his region, there were more women officials in the African Union and the creation of a network of African women leaders. He described several regional initiatives to empower women, including a framework within the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Adding that all international instruments had been integrated into his country’s policy frameworks, he stated that more than 100 Senegalese women were now deployed in peacekeeping operations. Many challenges remained, however, and new kinds of gender‑based violence were emerging, particularly in the Sahel region. Cooperation must therefore be strengthened to face them.
INIGO LAMBERTINI (Italy), noting that centrality of the women, peace and security agenda was increasingly recognized, said that nevertheless the voices of women at the grassroots level were still rarely heard and they continued to be exploited and abused in many situations. He urged the United Nations to lead as an example and encourage Member States to share best practices. He announced that a women’s mediation network, just founded on 26 October in Rome with Government backing, as a way for women to build regional capacity to address a host of issues that were causes of violence and inequality. Describing other Italian projects, he encouraged further cooperation between the United Nations with regional organizations. Women’s meaningful participation must be promoted, he stressed: women’s participation was not just a matter of numbers.
MICHELE J. SISON (United States) said that as the role of women in maintaining peace and security was critical, one should move from rhetoric to action. More women were needed in government and at the negotiating table. Her country was fully committed to advance full implementation of Council resolution 1325 (2000) she said, describing legal processes in that regard. Noting that when women participated in peace processes, success was more sustainable, she said their full participation in the economy also bolstered prosperity for all, which was why her country supported women entrepreneurs. She was disheartened to learn that the number of women participating in United Nations peace process had gone down. Women were an under‑used resource in combating extremist violence, as they were a first line of defence against radicalization. Women could play more vital roles in preventing terrorist ideologies taking root.
AMR ABDELLATIF ABOULATTA (Egypt) said the experience of the Council did prove that participation of women in peace processes made a difference in achieving peace. He stressed the importance of women’s effective participation and providing funding for them in peace and security. He stressed, however, that the scope of the agenda should be limited to countries in conflict and post conflict situations. Concrete actions should be developed to increase the number of female “Blue Helmets”. The suffering of women was exacerbated in conflict zones and areas under occupation. He said his country had introduced an intensive training module on sexual and gender-based violence for the training of its peacekeepers. The manual on the prevention of sexual abuse and exploitation, translated in English and French, was available to all troop‑contributing countries, he said.
MAHLET HAILU GUADEY (Ethiopia) welcomed positive developments in advancing the women, peace and security agenda, particularly the focus on their participation in peace processes. She was concerned, however, at the challenges posed by sexual and gender-based violence. More needed to be done about sexual exploitation and abuse. She said Africa had registered considerable progress in advancing the women, peace and security agenda, with national action plans adopted in many countries. Gender policies adopted by the African Union and subregional organizations could provide a basis for facilitating the implementation of the women, peace and security agenda in Africa. It was important to strengthen support for initiatives aimed at ensuring the participation of women in peace processes, mediation and election monitoring, she said, and encouraged a regional approach in advancing the agenda.
EVGENY T. ZAGAYNOV (Russian Federation) said that while progress had been achieved in advancing the role of women, their protection was lagging. Women continued to be victim to violence, especially by terrorist groups. It was important to focus on issues related to establishing national peace and security. There were specialized agencies and organizations to address issues such as gender equality. The way the topic was discussed in the Chamber strayed from the established criteria, he said, noting that it was inappropriate to use the Council to promote controversial approaches that did not have broad global support. The primary role in defending women rested with Governments, while measures of the United Nations system and civil society should be aimed at supporting the efforts of States. Turning to Ukraine’s statement, he noted, among other things, that responsibility of the suffering of women as described by that country’s representative lay with the authorities. Terrible crimes against women had been committed by Ukrainian forces, he said.
SHEN BO (China) said that since adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), the international community had built a sound framework for fostering a greater role for women in peace and security, but protection of their rights in times of conflict should be strengthened. It was therefore important to prevent conflict, he said, and the Council should encourage States to settle their disputes peacefully. The international community should embrace the notion of peace for development and heed the voices and participation of women in all stages of peace processes. Special intention should be paid to women as a vulnerable group and protect them from terrorists. Protection of women in post conflict situations should be intensified by support for gender equality measures as well as by development support. As the Council had adopted consensus resolutions, United Nations agencies and bodies should strengthen their coordination and cooperation within their competencies with other bodies and regional and subregional organizations.
KORO BESSHO (Japan) said that, 17 years after the adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), the normative framework had still not been fully put into practice. Some 100 countries had announced their commitment to promote the women, peace and security agenda in 2015, at which time Japan had pledged to steadily implement and monitor its related national action plan, increase its financial support to UN‑Women, as well as the Office of the Secretary‑General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, and invest in human resource development and the education of women in displacement. Noting that his country had faithfully fulfilled those promises, he pointed out that it had recently become UN‑Women’s second‑largest contributor and was one of the top donors to the Team of Experts on the Rule of Law and Sexual Violence in Conflict. As 90 per cent of conflicts from 2000 to 2009 were relapses, women’s meaningful participation and leadership were critical, including in peace negotiations and peacekeeping missions. Outlining Japan’s technical training efforts in those areas, he added that the United Nations system‑wide strategy on gender parity was also critical and its implementation must be ensured.
KANAT TUMYSH (Kazakhstan) said that the 1325 agenda should be seen as a valuable tool for making the entire peacekeeping architecture of the United Nations more effective. The gap between the framework and women’s progress must be closed, with stronger collaboration between Department of Peacekeeping Operations and UN‑Women to increase women’s parity in peacekeeping and to build gender expertise for all operations. Gender expertise in preventing violent extremism must also be utilized. Each Member State and region must play its role, in addition. His country had promoted strong pro‑women policies in its legislative framework and all areas of security and peacebuilding. Prevention of gender-based violence was central. Women, along with youth, must be seen as a critical link in the security/development nexus. His country was working to meet the 15 per cent target in its funding for gender mainstreaming and was working internationally to promote the agenda. He underlined, in addition, the importance of women’s civil society groups and the collection of clear data on the issue.
ELBIO ROSSELLI (Uruguay) said that the women, peace and security agenda should be a priority of the Council on a permanent basis. He welcomed a range of initiatives to advance that agenda, which was critical for the success of peacekeeping. The issue was women’s ability to enjoy all their inalienable rights and hold their own futures in their own hands. It was the responsibility of all nations to uphold those rights and the responsibility of civil society to hold States to account in that regard. His country had been increasing women’s participation in its peacekeeping contingents, and it had accordingly seen the effectiveness of its contributions increase. He called for strengthened efforts to end impunity for sexual violence, calling on the Council to refer cases to the courts and for augmented efforts to enforce zero tolerance for abuse by peacekeepers. His country would work with all others to continue to advance the entire agenda.
FRANÇOIS DELATTRE (France), Council President for October, speaking in his national capacity, said conflicts could not be resolved by leaving half of humanity on the margins. Women must not only be protected, but also fully involved in conflict prevention and resolution. Their participation in political processes and conflict resolution and prevention remained insufficient, he said, noting that between 1992 and 2011, 4 per cent of peace agreement signatories and less than 10 per cent of peace negotiators were women. Member States must take responsibility, elaborate national and regional plans and put them in place. Gender‑based conflict analysis should be strengthened, including through an exchange of best practices. He went on to review his country’s own efforts, noting that its 2015‑2018 national action plan for women, peace and security was built on five pillars: participation, protection, fighting impunity, prevention and promotion of the women, peace and security agenda. He also noted that women now accounted for 15 per cent of all French troops, a twofold increase since 1998.
Taking the floor for the second time, YURIY VITRENKO (Ukraine) said it seemed like his Minister’s statement had been taken out of context. Women made up almost one million internally displaced persons in his country, a direct consequence of Russian aggression. If the Russian Federation wanted to help women in Ukraine, it should stop sending troops, weapons and ammunitions to Eastern Ukraine. “Until that happens, Russia is in no position to lecture others,” he emphasized. There were hundreds of Ukrainian prisoners in Russian captivity as well, and once out of captivity some of them carried on with life, sometimes even holding seats in Ukraine’s Parliament.
MARIA ANGELA HOLGUIN (Colombia) said her country remained committed to ensuring the full participation of women, despite facing major challenges to do so. It had taken the necessary steps to implement resolution 1325 (2000), including by establishing a body that dealt with victims of armed conflict. That group focused on offering women, especially those in rural communities, economic autonomy and decent working conditions. The group was also working to break the violent cycle many women faced. Women’s participation in peacebuilding was as critical as in achieving peace, she continued, noting women’s participation in her country’s judicial sector and other areas of Government. She stressed the need to ensure accountability for sexual violence. Lessons learned must be used to achieve advantage in other sectors as well. Peace was not only about putting an end to war and violence. Peace also required the unwavering support of States and the United Nations in working together to ensure the real participation of women.
CHANTAL SAFOU (Democratic Republic of the Congo) said that her country had been afflicted with years of conflict that produced nefarious consequences, particularly for women and children. She outlined efforts by her Government, which had adopted an action plan to collect statistic data from provinces on the living conditions of women. The plan sought to achieve the participation of women at local levels of government. Women were already contributing to the peaceful resolution of conflict in provinces. In addition to the action plan, her Government also signed a Joint Communiqué with the United Nations to fight sexual violence in conflict. It had also adopted initiatives to prosecute perpetrators. She also commended her Government’s decision to appoint women to high‑level positions in the army.
BÄRBEL KOFLER, Federal Government Commissioner for Human Rights Policy and Humanitarian Aid of Germany, associating herself with the European Union and the Group of Friends of Women, Peace and Security, said rhetoric about women’s participation in peace processes must be turned into action through practical initiatives. In that regard, Germany was supporting the African Union in developing a network that would enable women leaders to exchange experiences, she said, adding that her country hoped to see more women‑led African Union‑United Nations solidarity missions. International discussion on implementing the women, peace and security agenda must continue between the Council’s annual open debates, she added, noting the work of the Council’s informal expert group on the issue. Better efforts could be made as well to connect implementation of the women, peace and security agenda with other initiatives, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
SANDRA ERICA JOVEL POLANCO, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, said a significant participation of women in peace processes strengthened protection efforts, accelerated economic recovery and led to sustainable peace. Lasting peace could not be achieved without security for women and girls, she said, expressing particular concern over the use of sexual violence as an instrument of war. National action plans to implement resolution 1325 (2000) were powerful tools for progress, she said, noting that her country adopted such a plan in July this year. She went on underscore the important role of women in peacekeeping operations, adding that joint efforts must continue between Member States and the United Nations to support measures that increased women’s participation in peace processes. “Inclusive processes should be the rule, not the exception,” she said.
LAURA ELENA FLORES HERRERA (Panama), speaking on behalf of the Human Security Network, comprising of Austria, Chile, Costa Rica, Greece, Ireland, Jordan, Mali, Norway, Slovenia, Switzerland, Thailand, South Africa, and her own country, called on Member States, the United Nations, regional and subregional organizations to support efforts to implement resolution 1325 (2000). There was a need for greater recognition and support of women’s full and effective participation in all stages of conflict resolution and post‑conflict reconciliation processes, so that peace agreements could be more effective. Women must play a key role in conflict prevention and resolution as well as in the construction and decision-making of sustainable peace processes. She noted several developments since the 2016 debate on the same topic, including the Secretary‑General’s commitment to gender parity and the high‑level political forum’s review of the goal on gender equality.
She expressed concern about the impact of forced displacement on women and girls, emphasizing that addressing the matter called for the involvement of women in the design and implementation of humanitarian action and early recovery. Greater efforts were needed to promote and respect the human rights of women and girls, as well as to strengthen all efforts to address gender‑based violence. For too long sexual violence had been committed on a systematic and widespread scale as crimes against humanity. “At an alarming rate women and girls are today targets of sexual and gender‑based violence,” she said, stressing the need to fight impunity and ensure accountability under national and international jurisdictions. “We need to ensure that women’s and girl’s interests are fully respected and systematically integrated into peace processes,” she added.
Ms. OEHRI (Liechtenstein) said that despite some progress, “we are still very far from achieving the goals we have set ourselves”. The data in the latest report of the Secretary‑General pointed to significant barriers in women’s meaningful participation in mediation processes. “Root causes of conflicts cannot be fully addressed and societal traumas cannot be overcome when half of the population is excluded from peace processes,” she stressed. Women often shouldered a large share of responsibility in communities during conflict and recovery, which made their participation even more important. Their inclusion in mediation processes also contributed to their empowerment in line with the 2030 Agenda. Noting that structural inequalities, poverty and discrimination often hindered women’s access to justice, she said that gender‑responsive legal systems were fundamental to building resilient societies. While women and girls were particularly vulnerable to conflict‑related sexual violence, men and boys were also targeted. A prevailing culture of silence often prevented male victims from speaking out. “The most efficient protection against conflict‑related sexual violence is ensuring that it does not happen in the first place,” she stressed.
MOHAMED KHALED KHIARI (Tunisia) said the devastating impact of conflict on the most vulnerable citizens, including women and children was evident. Despite the progress that had been achieved, women remained virtually absent in peace negotiations and institutions for peacebuilding, which hindered the process of conflict resolution. He welcomed the Secretary‑General’s initiative to assess the quality of the participation of women in peace processes as part of the overall reform process. He also underscored that a gender perspective was important for the implementation of measures aimed at combatting extremism and for the rehabilitation of women returning from conflict zones. He welcomed the Secretary‑General’s efforts to achieve gender parity within the United Nations and recalled that Tunisia had adopted legislation in 1966 that served as a mechanism for the emancipation of women and the promotion of a society rooted in citizenship. He pointed to Tunisia’s new Constitution and its provisions that guaranteed and preserved the rights of women, and acknowledged their key role in democracy‑building in the country.
FERIDUN H. SINIRLIOĞLU (Turkey), also speaking on behalf of Mexico, Indonesia, Republic of Korea and Australia, said that despite progress since the adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), daunting challenges remained, with women and girls still disproportionately affected by the impact of conflict. Gender responsive humanitarian policies must be developed to ensure access to health, education and other basic services for women and girls. Redoubled efforts must also be made to prevent women and girls from becoming victims of human trafficking in conflict and post‑conflict situations. Meaningful progress on that front could only come through coordinated and consolidated measures, he said, emphasizing the importance of regional and international coordination and cooperation in a time when the causes and effects of conflicts easily spilled across borders.
SHANKER DAS BAIRAGI (Nepal) said that his country had made explicit efforts to localize its national action plan, including through the mandatory provision of 33 per cent women’s representation in “Local Peace Committees”. Gender parity also helped ensure that peacekeeping missions were more compassionate and better at protecting the civilian population from sexual abuse. In that context, Nepal was committed to attaining the goal of 15 per cent females in peacekeeping operations. It had employed policies to encourage more females to join the national security forces. In Nepal’s cases, women’s increased representation in legislative and Government bodies and State institutions since 2007 had directly contributed to fostering good governance and inclusive societies. Nepal’s National Women’s Commission was now an independent and powerful constitutional body with a mandate to monitor and safeguard the rights and interests of women. In recent local elections, women had secured nearly half of the leadership positions, he said. Moreover, Nepal’s Constitution required that the President and Vice‑President must represent different sexes or communities.
Statement by Slovenia to come.
MICHAEL GRANT (Canada), speaking on behalf of the Group of Friends of Women, Peace and Security, said that women’s participation had a positive impact on the credibility and durability of peace agreements. It was essential to include gender considerations and the meaningful participation of women in early warning, mediation, and conflict-resolution effort, and a greater role for women in post‑conflict peacebuilding and economic recovery. He called for further implementation of the women, peace, and security agenda in United Nations peacekeeping, both in terms of women’s participation and gender expertise and mainstreaming into doctrine and all planning documents. Women played an indispensable role in peacekeeping and their participation at all levels was key to the effectiveness of missions.
He expressed concern that cutting, downgrading, and under‑resourcing gender advisors and women protection advisors positions could cripple the ability of peace operations to fulfil critical tasks. United Nations peacekeepers must not be part of the problem, he added, condemning cases of sexual exploitation and abuse in peacekeeping operations. Despite progress much more needed to be done to tackle the scourge and ensure accountability. To end impunity, perpetrators of sexual violence must be brought to justice, and victims and survivors must be assisted in a comprehensive manner to fully recover from those violations. A gendered approach was essential to facing new and emerging challenges such as violent extremism.
Speaking in his national capacity, Mr. Grant said that Canada remained committed to finding opportunities to create and support gender transformative solutions to conflict. “We will challenge narratives undermining women’s ability to contribute, lead and shape solutions,” he stressed. Canada was taking concrete actions to advance the implementation of the women, peace and security agenda. It dedicated funds to local organizations that advanced women’s rights in both developing and fragile States. Working to increase the proportion of Canadian women police officers deployed to peace operations, Canada had also been at the forefront of United Nations training initiatives aimed at increasing the number of female police officers deployed to peace operations. Canada was also a strong advocate for the full implementation of the United Nations zero‑tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse.
Statement by Iran to come.
JANA PŘIKRYLOVÁ (Czech Republic), associating herself with the European Union, expressed concern that national action plans to implement the women, peace and security agenda had only been adopted 68 Member States, and that most projects were small, short‑term and financed through limited resources. Lack of financing was a key obstacle to implementation. She expressed concern about the slow pace of integrating the agenda into relevant resolutions on peacekeeping activities. Her country had adopted in January 2017 a national action plan which included concrete and measurable tasks. In 2015, the Ministry of Defence adopted an action plan to implement Council resolution 1325 (2000) and the Czech Republic became the “lead nation” of a programme focused on training Jordanian female soldiers in explosive ordnance disposal. Gender mainstreaming remained one of the main principles of the national transition promotion programme which supported democratic principles in transition countries. Regarding development cooperation and aid, the Czech Republic implemented projects worth CZK 130 million in 2016 with a strong focus on gender equality and women’s empowerment. Despite that progress, women were underrepresented in decision-making positions and diplomatic posts. In response, his Government adopted the Action Plan for Balanced Representation of Women and Men in Decision-making Positions for 2016 to 2018. His country also supported several global gender activities through regular voluntary financial contributions.
TORE HATTREM (Norway), speaking on behalf of the Nordic countries, expressed concern about the decrease in women’s participation in mediation, requests for and inclusion of gender expertise and gender‑sensitivity in peace agreements. He noted Thursday’s launch of the Global Women, Peace and Security Index, while calling for greater strategic and consistent implementation of targets. He said women had become more influential in peace processes, including in Colombia, Syria, Yemen and the Philippines. In that regard, he commended the efforts of UN‑Women, the Department for Political Affairs and special envoys. He also noted the work of the Different Group of Friends, the Women Mediators Networks, the National Focal Points Initiative, national action plans of Nordic countries, as well as the NGO Working Group and the Global Solutions Exchange platform. The international community’s approach to women, peace and security was often too generic, and lacked contextual analyses and points of action, however, the Security Council’s Informal Expert Group on Women, Peace and Security was a step in the right direction. On stereotyping, he stressed that men could be victims of sexual violence and that women could play a destructive role in conflict. In terms of leadership, women were often ignored in mediation processes at the national and international level. He welcomed the new handbook on the prevention and handling of sexual violence in conflict that was being developed for use in peace operations and the new gender parity strategy. Noting the many best practices and positive developments currently under way in the United Nations system, he stated “our job is to ensure that best practices become mainstream practice”.