MUKWE: The second vaccination campaign this year against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in the Kavango Region’s Ndiyona and Mukwe constituencies kicked off on Monday this week.
The second round of the FMD vaccination campaign, which includes the ear-tagging of cattle, will end on 14 September.
The vaccination campaign will use a trivalent (three-component) vaccine acquired from the Botswana Vaccine Institute, the only institute where such a vaccine is produced in southern Africa.
Mobile crash pans will be used to cover communities which do not have fixed crash pans.
According to a programme availed by the regional veterinary office here on Wednesday, about 30 farms and 40 communities in the Ndiyona Constituency will be covered, while in the Mukwe Constituency, the campaign will cover 55 communities.
Seven teams with four labourers each, to be headed by veterinary technicians, will conduct the campaign.
Cattle in the Ndiyona and Mukwe constituencies are being re-vaccinated because of the threat posed by buffaloes, which are known carriers of FMD.
The first round of vaccination against FMD ended in February this year, and was described as a resounding success.
Rundu State veterinarian, Dr Thompson Shuro told Nampa earlier that the campaign exceeded its target of vaccinating 30 000 cattle in the two constituencies.
About 15 000 cattle were vaccinated in the Ndiyona Constituency, while 16 000 cattle were covered in the Mukwe Constituency.
The FMD re-vaccination campaign is one strategy aimed at ensuring that the disease is completely eradicated.
For the vaccine to be effective in livestock, cattle have to be vaccinated at least twice a year, because the effectiveness of the vaccine only lasts for six months.
In July 2008, an FMD outbreak was detected in the eastern parts of the region at the Kamutjonga village, located some 225 kilometres east of Rundu in the Mukwe Constituency.
The outbreak is suspected to have been transmitted by buffaloes from the nearby Mahango Game Park.
According to available records, the last time the Kavango Region recorded an FMD outbreak was in 1992.