January 19, 2015– Vancouver, British Columbia – Employment and Social Development Canada
Wai Young, Member of Parliament for Vancouver South, on behalf of the Honourable Candice Bergen, Minister of State for Social Development, today joined His Worship Mayor Gregor Robertson, Mary Lynn Baum and Janet Austin to participate in the official groundbreaking ceremony of the “Cause We Care House” project, marking the start of construction of the project.
The YWCA, through the Community Entity for the Vancouver area, the Greater Vancouver Regional District, received an investment of over $1.2 million from the federal government’s Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS) for the development of the “Cause We Care House” project.
The Greater Vancouver Regional District is receiving more than $41 million in funding over five years (2014–19) to implement Housing First, a proven, evidence-based approach to end homelessness.
Housing First is the cornerstone of the Government’s renewed HPS. It aims to stabilize the lives of homeless individuals for the long term by first moving them into permanent housing and then providing additional support for underlying issues, such as addiction and mental health. The end goal is ensuring these individuals become self sufficient, fully participating members of society.
- Through past HPS funding, the Government of Canada has provided over $430,000 for the “Cause We Care House” project for pre-development activities such as design drawings for zoning, public consultation, beginning of site mobilization for construction, etc.
- Through the renewed HPS, the Government of Canada has provided funding of $800,000 to the project for various construction activities such as excavation, shoring, foundation work, etc.
- The Housing First approach came into effect on April 1, 2014, and is being introduced gradually across the country over the next two years with specified funding targets, taking into account varying capacity and resources among communities.
- Since the launch of the HPS in April 2007, nearly 34,000 Canadians who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless have benefitted from education and training opportunities; over 32,000 have received help to find work; and more than 5,770 new shelter beds have been created.
“We are pleased to partner with Metro Vancouver and the YWCA on this terrific new project. Cause We Care House will provide important services to this community, including ensuring that single mothers and their children have a safe, secure roof over their head.”
– Wai Young, Member of Parliament for Vancouver South, on behalf of the Honourable Candice Bergen, Minister of State for Social Development
“We are grateful for the Government of Canada’s contribution to YWCA Cause We Care House through the Homelessness Partnership Strategy. This project demonstrates the collaborative approach by all levels of government to address the needs of single mothers and their children in this community. YWCA Cause We Care House will build on a long history of service in the Downtown Eastside / Strathcona community and will provide safe, affordable housing for single mothers and their children, along with a range of integrated services geared to assisting residents to achieve personal and economic independence.”
– Janet Austin, CEO, YWCA Metro Vancouver
Homelessness Partnering Strategy
The Homelessness Partnering Strategy (HPS) is a unique community-based program aimed at preventing and reducing homelessness by providing direct support and funding to 61 designated communities in all provinces and territories, as well as to Aboriginal, rural and remote communities across Canada, to help them address homelessness.
Economic Action Plan 2013 renewed the HPS with nearly $600 million in total funding over five years, ending in March 2019, using a Housing First approach.
Until recently, the most common way to deal with homelessness has been a “crisis-based” model—not just in Canada, but in many developed countries. This model involves relying heavily on shelters and other emergency interventions. Typically, individuals must first participate in a series of treatments and demonstrate sobriety before they are offered housing. This approach has been costly and not effective for the long term.
Without stable housing, it is much more difficult to participate in treatment programs and manage mental and physical health issues. This leads to high costs for emergency housing, hospitalization, shelters, prisons and a host of other crisis services.
Housing First, on the other hand, involves ensuring individuals have immediate housing before providing the necessary supports to help them stabilize their lives. Experiences in other countries have demonstrated that this approach shows great promise.
In 2008, under the leadership of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, the Government invested $110 million in the Mental Health Commission of Canada to undertake our own landmark study. The results demonstrated that:
- Housing first rapidly ends homelessness and leads to other positive outcomes for quality of life;
- it is a sound financial investment that can lead to significant cost savings. Every $10 invested led to an average savings to government of $21.72 for participants who used emergency and social services the most; and
- it works in the long term. An average of 73 percent of participants in the Housing First group were in stable housing over the course of the study, compared to 32 percent of the usual care group.
Overall, participants in the study were less likely to get in trouble with the law, and those who received both housing and supportive services showed more signs of recovery than those who did not.
Community Entity Model
HPS funding is delivered to eligible communities primarily through the Community Entity (CE) delivery model, except in the cases of Rural and Remote funding in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories, where Service Canada is responsible for delivery. In Quebec, the HPS is delivered through a Canada–Quebec agreement that respects the jurisdictions and priorities of both governments in addressing homelessness.
Under the CE model, the federal government entrusts a community body, often a community’s municipal government, to select and manage HPS projects in their area. All requests for funding must go through the CE. In addition, all requests for funding are assessed and recommended to the CE through a community advisory board or a regional advisory board, composed of a wide range of community stakeholders.
Implementation of the renewed Homelessness Partnering Strategy
The implementation of the renewed HPS is delivered through the following three funding streams, which provide funding to communities across Canada to support them in addressing homelessness. The Housing First approach, part of the renewed HPS, will be phased in with specified funding targets, taking into account varying capacity and resources among communities.
1) Designated Communities
A total of 61 communities across Canada (including those in Quebec) that have a significant problem with homelessness have been selected to receive ongoing support to address this issue. These communities—mostly urban centres—are given funding that must be matched with contributions from other sources. Funded projects must support priorities identified through a community planning process.
- Starting April 1, 2015, the largest designated communities will be required to invest at least 65 percent of HPS Designated Communities funding in Housing First activities.
- Starting April 1, 2016, other Designated Communities receiving at least $200,000 in HPS funding will be required to invest at least 40 percent of HPS Designated Communities funding in Housing First activities.
- Designated communities that receive under $200,000 in HPS funding or are located in the North will be encouraged to implement Housing First but will not be required to meet set targets.
2) Aboriginal Homelessness
Through the Aboriginal Homelessness funding stream the HPS partners with Aboriginal groups to ensure that services meet the unique needs of off-reserve homeless Aboriginal people in cities and rural areas.
- Starting April 1, 2016, communities that receive more than $200,000 in HPS funding will be required to invest at least 40 percent of HPS Aboriginal Homelessness funding in Housing First activities.
- Communities that receive less than $200,000 in funding under the HPS Aboriginal Homelessness funding stream will be encouraged to implement Housing First but will not be required to meet set targets.
Please note that the unique needs of all First Nations, Inuit, Métis and non-status Indians are considered, and that off-reserve Aboriginal people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness can also access services under the Designated Communities and Rural and Remote Homelessness funding streams.
3) Rural and Remote Homelessness
The Rural and Remote Homelessness funding stream of the HPS funds projects in rural and remote areas of Canada outside the 61 designated communities.
- This stream has adopted a two‑tiered approach that is based on the rural population. Priority is given to projects in communities with populations of 25,000 and under (Tier 1).
- In order to maximize the access of HPS funding to as many communities as possible across the country, activities in larger, non-designated communities with populations above 25,000 (Tier 2) may also be funded depending on the availability of funds.