This report is for the media and the general public.
The SMM monitored the implementation of the “Package of measures for the implementation of the Minsk agreements”. Its monitoring was restricted by third parties and security considerations*. The SMM continued to observe ceasefire violations at and around the Donetsk airport. The SMM assessed damage in a number of places following shelling incidents.
Positioned at the “Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”)-controlled Donetsk railway station (8km north-west of Donetsk) between 08:40 and 12:30hrs, the SMM heard the sound of 26 mortar rounds – three incoming, four outgoing and 19 undetermined – at a distance of 3-6km to the north, north-north-east, north-east, and south-east. At the same location between 17:12 and 18:30hrs, the SMM heard and in some cases also saw 78 incoming mortar or artillery rounds at distances of between 3-8km to the north, north-north-west, north-west and west; and, 62 outgoing mortar or artillery rounds at distances of between 3-5km to the north-west, west and south-west.
Positioned 3.5km west-south-west of Shyrokyne (20km east of Mariupol), the SMM heard a main battle tank (MBT), 3-4km to the north-east, firing 11 rounds. Later at the same location, the SMM heard the sound of two outgoing 120mm mortar rounds emanating from a location 2-3km to the north-east. The SMM assessed that the target area was to the east.
SMM unmanned aerial vehicles observed two additional MBTs in government-controlled areas.
At a Ukrainian Armed Forces checkpoint near government-controlled Marinka (23km west-south-west of Donetsk), the SMM noted a high state of alert among the checkpoint personnel, with all but one of them taking cover in bunkers or other fortified positions. The one soldier who approached the SMM did so in a low crouching manner. He said that “DPR” armed personnel were 300m away to the north-east. He added that “DPR” snipers routinely operated in the area. In Marinka village, residents told the SMM of routine and prolonged night-time shelling in the area. The SMM observed several craters close to the checkpoint.
In the “DPR”-controlled Kuibyshivskyi district (6 km north-west of Donetsk city centre), the SMM observed two small impacts on two market stalls. Market vendors said the shelling had occurred on the night of 5/6 July. They reported no injuries.
At a kindergarten in “DPR”-controlled Dokuchaievsk (32km south-west of Donetsk), the SMM noted some broken windows and shrapnel grooves on a west-facing exterior wall. Inside, it noted some damaged furniture and equipment. The SMM observed no crater impacts.
In “DPR”-controlled Svobodne (49km north-east of Mariupol), the SMM noted 15 shell impacts, assessed to have been caused by 120mm artillery rounds fired from the west. The SMM observed three destroyed houses, which it assessed to have sustained direct hits. A number of other houses had sustained damage. According to “DPR” armed personnel and residents of the village, an elderly woman and her adult son were killed in the shelling. The SMM observed a destroyed house where residents said the victims had lived. Human remains and blood were at the scene. The shelling occurred between 04:10 and 04:50hrs on 7 July, according to residents in neighbouring “DPR”-controlled Telmanove (50km north-east of Mariupol). In “DPR”-controlled Starobesheve (81km north-north-east of Mariupol), the head doctor of the hospital later told the SMM that two civilians killed in Svobodne had been taken to the morgue, which is attached to the hospital.
In nearby Telmanove, the SMM noted six shell impacts in a 75 by 300m rectangular area. The SMM noted shrapnel damage to and broken windows in numerous apartment blocks; a direct impact on the roof of a coal heating plant, one of whose walls had partially collapsed; a hole in the roof of the maternity ward in the local hospital; shell craters in the yard of a kindergarten, whose walls sustained shrapnel damage and whose windows were mostly shattered; a shell crater on the main street in the village with shrapnel damaging an overhead gas pipeline, fences and homes; and, a large crater in a yard. The SMM assessed that the damage was caused by 152mm artillery shells fired from the west-south-west. In the grounds of the hospital, the SMM noted two new military-type trucks with a cable running from each of them into the hospital. On the roof of a nearby concrete grain silo, the SMM saw radio antennas and repeaters. On the far end of the street, the SMM noted cement blocks cutting off access. According to local inhabitants, the shelling – which occurred between 05:00 and 05:25hrs on 7 July – resulted in a 14-year-old girl sustaining leg injuries.
In “DPR”-controlled Sakhanka (24km east of Mariupol), residents told the SMM of hearing 60 explosions in the direction of nearby Dzerzhynske (25km east-north-east of Mariupol) between 04:30 and 05:30hrs on 7 July. In Dzerzhynske, the SMM observed a small crater caused by an 82mm mortar round in front of a house, which had sustained shrapnel damage to its front wall and windows. At the back of the house, the SMM observed two large craters, which it assessed to have been caused by artillery rounds. At a dis-used boarding school for mentally disabled children, the SMM observed that shrapnel from an airburst had damaged the windows and walls. The SMM observed that a chicken coup in the yard of a house had been completely destroyed by a direct hit. The SMM assessed that all rounds were fired from the north-west. No injuries were sustained, according to residents. The SMM noted the presence of four “DPR” armed personnel, and fresh tracks indicative of self-propelled artillery vehicles. The SMM also observed a tracked infantry fighting vehicle in the vicinity of nearby Sakhanka.
The SMM did not observe any ceasefire violations in the Luhansk region during the reporting period but several interlocutors claimed to have heard late-night/early-morning shelling in a number of locations along the contact line.
The SMM visited government-controlled Oleksiievo-Druzhkivka (63km north-north-west of Donetsk), where elderly male and female residents complained of increased unemployment, the rising cost of consumer products and long delays when crossing the contact line.
The SMM visited a soup kitchen in “Lugansk People’s Republic” (“LPR”)-controlled Petrivske (43km south-west of Luhansk), where a female employee said 130 unemployed people were provided with a free meal once a day. She added that local businesses and private individuals provided funding.
On 6 June the SMM observed two road blocks, one close to Cheresh (37km south-west of Chernivtsi), and the other, at the administrative border between the villages of Davydivka and Banyliv-Pidhirnyi (43 and 50km south-west of Chernivtsi, respectively). Approximately 40 protestors at each event – mostly younger men and women – told the SMM that they wished to highlight poor road conditions. In Cheresh, they also complained about what they described as inadequate health services and alleged plans to close down the local school. Four police officers were present at each gathering. The head of Banyliv-Pidhirnyi Village Council told the SMM that he supported the protesters.
In Vyzhnytsia (56km west of Chernivtsi), the military commissar for Vyzhnytsia and Putyla districts in Chernivtsi region told the SMM that 111 men from Vyzhnytsia and 42 from Putyla districts had been recently de-mobilised. Of the total number, 71 had served in the conflict zone. He added that five soldiers from the two districts had been killed in action and one was missing in action, since the start of hostilities in the east. Two others have sustained serious physical injuries, one of whom, in addition, suffers from severe psychological trauma.
The SMM continued to monitor the situation in Kharkiv, Dnepropetrovsk, Odessa, Kherson, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv and Kyiv.
See summary table of ceasefire violations under “Related” below.
* Restrictions on SMM monitoring, access and freedom of movement:
The SMM is restrained in fulfilling its monitoring functions by restrictions imposed by third parties and security considerations, including the presence – and lack of information on the whereabouts – of mines, and damaged infrastructure. The security situation in Donbas is fluid and unpredictable and the ceasefire does not hold everywhere. Self-imposed restrictions on movement into high-risk areas have impinged on SMM patrolling activities, particularly in areas not controlled by the government. Most areas along the Ukraine-Russian Federation international border have ordinarily been placed off limits to the SMM by both “DPR” and “LPR”. The SMM UAVs cannot operate in the Luhansk region as it is beyond their range.
- Armed “DPR” members refused the SMM passage through a checkpoint near “DPR”-controlled Zaichenko (26km north-east of Mariupol). The “DPR” ordinarily refuse passage to the SMM at this checkpoint.