Kamudyariwa said this here on Monday whilst speaking to Nampa about the possibility of anthrax spreading to the Kunene Region from the Oshikoto Region, where an outbreak was reported last month.
The State veterinarian said despite the fact that the Kunene Region does not share borders with the Oshikoto Region, the possibility of anthrax spreading to Kunene cannot be ruled out due to the movement of livestock.
“Our farmers should be on the outlook for livestock that show signs of anthrax infections, and report it to our offices for us to investigate,” he advised.
There are no Government-subsidised anthrax vaccination programmes in place in the Kunene Region, but Kamudyariwa said farmers are nonetheless expected to administer the vaccine to their livestock.
“Anthrax vaccinations are the responsibility of all farmers. It is expected from them to vaccinate their livestock against anthrax every year, but only a handful of them do it here in the Kunene Region,” he stated.
Government has only paid for anthrax vaccines to be administered by State veterinarians in the Oshikoto Region due to the outbreak of the disease in that region last month.
Anthrax is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Most forms of the disease are lethal, and it affects both humans and animals.
Anthrax commonly infects wild and domesticated herbivorous mammals that ingest or inhale the spores while grazing. Ingestion is thought to be the most common route by which herbivores contract anthrax. Carnivores living in the same environment may become infected by consuming infected animals. Diseased animals can spread anthrax to humans, either by direct contact (e.g., inoculation of infected blood to broken skin) or by consumption of a diseased animal’s flesh.