1. Submitted pursuant to resolution 2463 (2019) , in which the Security Council requested me to submit to it, every six months, a report on the fulfillment of the commitments made in the Framework Agreement for Peace, security and cooperation for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region, this report traces the evolution of the peace and security situation in the Great Lakes region since the publication of my previous report ( S / 2019 / 229 ) and covers the period from 1 March to 31 August 2019.
II. Main developments
A. Security conditions
2. During the reporting period, security conditions remained precarious in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where illegal armed groups continued to commit atrocities against the civilian population and to attack the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC). ). On the other hand, peace and stability in the Great Lakes region have been undermined by security breaches in cross border areas, insecurity in the Central African Republic and sporadic clashes between government forces and opposition forces in South Sudan.
3. In the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) is suspected of having committed attacks in the Beni region, particularly in areas affected by the Ebola outbreak. In addition, the alleged links between the ADF and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have caused serious concern in the region. On 18 April, ISIL claimed an attack allegedly committed two days earlier by the ADF against a FARDC camp in Bovota, North Kivu, in which two soldiers and one civilian were killed. The terrorist group has since claimed further attacks that have also been attributed to the ADF. In a statement in the media on June 29, the President of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Felix Tshisekedi expressed concern about the ADF’s adoption of terrorist tactics employed by ISIL. In its last report, however, the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo did not confirm the existence of direct links between the ADF and ISIL.
4. The FARDC and the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) continued their joint military operations against the ADF. In an offensive on May 30, they killed 26 ADF fighters in Ngite (North Kivu).
5. The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) continued to lose operational capabilities during the reporting period as a result of the repatriation in 2018 of most of their ex combatants who were in camps in eastern DRC. Democratic Republic of the Congo and constant joint operations by the FARDC and MONUSCO. The death of group leader Ignace Murwanyashaka in Germany on April 16 had no immediate effect on the operational structure and morale of the rebels. The FDLR remained active and their local and regional networks continued to pose a threat to the provinces of South Kivu and North Kivu. The number of incidents of conflict related sexual violence attributed to FDLR combatants has increased in Nyiragongo territory. Most of the victims were attacked while collecting firewood and charcoal in Virunga National Park. Conflict related sexual violence remains reported in Rutshuru territory, where members of the FDLR and Nyatura clash.
Source: UN Security Council