Kinshasa (ICRC / UNHCR) From Tuesday, October 22, 2019, experts, victims and witnesses meet in Kinshasa to discuss durable solutions to displacement situations, which affects both internally displaced persons, refugees and internally displaced persons. people at risk of statelessness.
As of December 31, 2017, 4.5 million Congolese citizens had fled their homes and villages, and were living in precarious conditions in the rest of the DRC, according to the United Nations. There are also more than half a million refugees from neighboring countries who have taken refuge in the DRC 540,000 to be exact. Finally, nearly 860,000 Congolese refugees have themselves found asylum in neighboring countries, and many are waiting to return home to the DRC. Displacement is therefore a central topic of Congolese society.
“The objective is to explore the solutions that the Congolese authorities, humanitarian and development actors, as well as civil society, can implement to properly accommodate and protect people forced to move within the DRC. Explains Claudine Mushobekwa, ICRC regional legal adviser.
“In the past five years, the world has experienced an unprecedented increase in the number of people uprooted by conflict and disastrous living conditions,” said Fafa Attidzah, UNHCR’s Deputy Representative in the DRC. “The DRC is a particularly affected country, and viable solutions must be found. “
“Little progress has been made so far in finding durable solutions to displacement issues,” added Olivier Beer, UNHCR’s Deputy Protection Representative in the DRC. “It is high time to study the root causes of conflict in the DRC, rather than systematically resorting to responses that keep IDPs in such a vulnerable and aid dependent situation today as they were. ten years ago. “
This international conference is jointly organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNHCR , and will include a special video intervention by Cecilia Jimenez Damary, Special Rapporteur on IDPs in their own right. country.
The year 2019 marks the 10th anniversary of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, known as the Kampala Convention. In addition, 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the 1969 African Union Convention for Refugees in Africa. These instruments represent an important step in reaffirming the rights of internally displaced persons and refugees in Africa. They detail the obligations of States, non State armed groups, as well as international organizations in the prevention, protection and assistance of persons in situations of forced displacement or statelessness. So many elements that this conference seeks to reiterate in the form of debates and discussions in this year 2019, that the African Union has also designated as refugees year.
This three day event received support from the Congolese Ministry of the Interior and Security through the National Commission for Refugees (CNR) and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees