1. Readmission of own nationals is an obligation under customary international law but countries of origin often fail to abide by this obligation. The Commission is in charge of negotiating EU readmission agreements, based on mandates received by the Council. Negotiations are ongoing with Tunisia, Jordan, Nigeria and Morocco.
With some other important countries of origin or transit of irregular migrants, the Commission has already concluded the negotiations aimed to facilitate the readmission cooperation such as with Pakistan, Turkey or Afghanistan. The European External Action Service (EEAS) is involved and when necessary provides support for negotiating.
Concerning Sub-Saharan countries some of which continue to be a major source of irregular migrants reaching the EU, the Commission together with the EEAS are working closely with the authorities of these countries on finding ways to manage more effectively migration, including as regards the identification and issuance of travel documents for return of irregularly staying persons, within the framework of the Partnership Framework approach.
2. The European Agenda on Security of April 2015 and the EU Global Strategy place the fight against terrorism among its highest priorities and lay the ground for an unprecedented set of EU measures to curb the risk of cross-border terrorist attacks. As highlighted in the EU Global Strategy, EU internal and external security have never been so interlinked. Our response therefore needs to be comprehensive and based on a coherent set of actions both within the EU and beyond.
The EEAS is focusing on complementing internal EU action on Counter-Terrorism (CT) and Security with external engagement and outreach, especially to the countries in the Middle East, North Africa, Western Balkans, Turkey, Sahel and the Gulf, as well as promoting international cooperation with multilateral actors such as the United Nations, the Global Counter-terrorism Forum (GCTF) and the Global Anti-Da’esh Coalition.
We are strengthening CT cooperation and supporting capacity building with third countries with specific focus on foreign terrorist fighters and countering violent extremism and radicalization. Specific actions have also been taken in supporting third countries in complying with United Nations Security Council Resolutions and Financial Action Task Force.