The EU does not pursue nor foresee the return of migrants and asylum-seekers from EU Member States to Libya. The measures foreseen aim at enhancing Libya’s capacity to control its southern border and its territorial waters while promoting human rights. Human rights and the proper handling of migrants are also important elements of the training provided by EUNAVFOR Med Operation Sophia to the Libyan Coastguard and Navy, as well as the EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) Libya.
The EU has been funding training of the Libyan Coast Guard and has been supporting rights-based migration management in Libya. In February 2016, the mandate of EUBAM was amended to provide for a possible civilian capacity building and assistance crisis management mission in the fields of police cooperation/rule of law/border management, which will provide advice and training to the Libyan authorities.
Recently, the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa(1) adopted a EUR 90 million programme to reinforce the protection and resilience of migrants, refugees and host communities in Libya.
The programme, implemented by the International Organisation for Migration, the United Nations Development Programme, The German Gesellschaft für Inernational Zusammenarbeit, the United Nations Children Emergency Fund and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, will include, inter alia, a component on protection of all those in need (migrants, refugees, Internally Displaced Peoples and returnees) and on promoting alternatives to detention; Assisted Voluntary Returns and Reintegration; and foster the socioeconomic development at municipal level and support local governance in Libya.
In parallel, through the European Neighbourhood Instrument, the EU has a EUR 120 million package ongoing for civil society, governance, health, youth and education, migration, supporting the political process, security and mediation.