Answer – United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – UNODC – E-010261/2015

The cooperation between the EU and the UNODC is based on the exchange of letters between the European Commission and the UNODC, signed on 18 January 2005. Once a year, a Senior Officials Meeting between these two organisations takes place, alternating between Brussels and Vienna. It is chaired by a senior representative of the European External Action Service on the EU side. The EU representatives attend meetings convened under the umbrella of UNODC as observers and the Conferences of the Parties to the UN Conventions against Transnational Organised Crime (UNTOC) and against Corruption (UNCAC) as a Party.

The EU is a long-standing supporter of UNODC projects and programmes. The total budget of ongoing projects funded by the EU is EUR 173 million covering all world regions (Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Middle East and Asia, Western Balkans). The projects are focused on the fight against drug trafficking, alternative development, fight against organised crime and corruption, counter-terrorism, including supporting criminal justice responses to foreign terrorist fighters, human trafficking and migrant smuggling, implementation of UNTOC and UNCAC, prison reform, criminal justice system reform, law enforcement capacity-building and anti-piracy measures. The EU also funded a UNODC project in West Africa, the Sahel region and South America to counter the illicit trafficking in firearms. UNODC is a member of the International Consortium against Wildlife Crime for which the EU is a major donor.

The EU and UNODC develop regular collaboration in the drugs policy field, namely in the framework of the preparations of the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the World Drug Problem, due to take place on 19 — 21 April 2016.