The EU, as a witness to the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS)(1), is providing financial assistance for its implementation and is an active member of the peace-monitoring institutions established by the agreement.
The EU works closely with the countries of the region and with the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union (AU) and the United Nations. The EU imposed an arms embargo on South Sudan and supports imposition of a UN arms embargo. The EU encourages the AU to move forward with the establishment of the Hybrid Court for South Sudan (ARCSS-Chapter V). The EU welcomes Resolution 34/25 of the UN Human Rights Council extending the mandate of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan. The EU is looking into providing financial support for this initiative.
The Commission also believes that the root cause of the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan is the ongoing conflict, which has exacerbated food insecurity and has resulted in an entirely man-made localised famine. The EU urges the Transitional Government of National Unity to ensure the respect of humanitarian access.
The Commission has mobilised close to half a billion EUR since December 2013 to respond to humanitarian needs in South Sudan.
In 2017, EUR 82 million has already been allocated. In March 2017, the EU made EUR 100 million available from the European Development Fund reserve to respond to the South Sudanese refugee crisis, in South Sudan and in its neighbouring countries.
The EU is also working to provide basic services to the population, notably in food security, education and health (EUR 75 million already committed under the EU Trust Fund). The Commission stands ready to mobilise additional funds. Access constraints will be followed-up.