The reasons for the current surge of irregular migration towards the European Union are multi-faceted. In the Central Mediterranean the main driving forces are instability and violent conflict, poverty, and lack of socioeconomic perspectives in Africa, exacerbated by instability in Libya which is exploited by smugglers who facilitate perilous journeys towards Europe. In the Eastern Mediterranean where the migratory movement consists of more people in need of protection, desperation caused by the ongoing conflict in Syria leads many people to move to Greece and further on across the western Balkans toward other Member States.
The Commission has adopted a comprehensive strategy to deal with migration in the form of the European Agenda on Migration(1) on 13 May 2015. The Agenda contains the strategy of the Commission to deal with the current crisis and to manage migration better in all its parts, implementing the Political Guidelines of President Juncker. It also sets out measures to improving the management of our common external borders. Later this year the Commission will present proposals for a European Border and Coast Guard, building on a significant strengthening of Frontex.
The crises in Syria, Iraq and Libya are the main root causes behind the unprecedented migratory flow s today. The High Representative is closely engaged and contributing to the international efforts to find political solutions to the crisis in Syria. The EU stands ready to resume the support to the Libyan authorities to address irregular migration, especially in the area of border management and the fight against trafficking of human beings.