On the first question, it is not possible to provide precise and reliable forecasts, especially with the level of detail requested, for such a complex phenomenon as migration. However, past trends can help understand how future trends may develop. Regular migrations flows can be proxied by the number of (first time) residence permits issued; this data is collected and disseminated by Eurostat. In 2015, the last year available, around 386 200 (first time) residence permits were issued in the European Union to citizens of African countries, which is equal to 15% of the total permits issued. In 2014, 391 449 first permits of residence issued to African nationals, and 400 899 were issued in 2013. The irregular migration flow can be proxied by the number of detected illegal border crossings. In 2016, the total number of illegal border crossings of African nationals was around 182 000, whereas they were around 165 000 in 2015 and around 127 000 in 2014.
On the second question, the Commission does not collect nor has available information concerning the religion of the immigrants.
On the third question, following a proposal from the Commission, the EU budgetary authority has decided to reinforce the 2017 Budget, Heading 4 — ‘Global Europe’ with around EUR 700 million. This will address the drivers of migration and promote the swift implementation of the Partnership Framework on migration cooperation. This amount is on top of its already considerable support to address the migration and refugee situation in partner countries, notably under the EU Trust Fund for Africa(1) but also under several financing instruments(2).