In its communication on the State of the Energy Union of 18 November 2015, the Commission took note of the project on building two further stretches of the Nord Stream pipeline. The Commission said that, if built, Nord Stream 2 would not give access to a new source of supply. It would further increase transmission capacity from Russia to the EU, although the existing capacity is only about half used.
If built, Nord Stream 2 would have to fully comply, as any other infrastructure project, with applicable EC law, including on energy and environment.
The impact of a pipeline such as Nord Stream 2 goes beyond the legal discussion. If built, Nord Stream 2 could alter the landscape of the EU’s gas market while not giving access to a new source of supply or a new supplier.
The Commission promotes more interconnected and competitive gas markets in Europe which will result in more diversified supplies, thus increased supply security, and competitive gas prices. To this end, the Commission co-finances projects of common interest, which are essential for completing the European internal energy market and for reaching EU’s energy policy objectives. Furthermore, the launch of initiatives such as the Southern Gas Corridor and the Central East South Europe Gas Connectivity High Level Group (CESEC) are examples for the Commission’s endeavour to increase the diversification of supplies.
The Commission is in frequent contact with the German Government on these matters.