The current migration and refugee crisis has highlighted the need for increased cooperation across different levels: EU, Member States, regional and local authorities. The complex and multi-faced challenges faced by the EU can only be addressed in a comprehensive and concerted way, including in close cooperation with relevant international partners. On 7 June 2016 the Commission proposed a new approach on the matter through its communication on establishing a New Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration(1).
Migration dialogues with countries in the Middle East and North Africa are a key priority for the EU. These dialogues take place at bilateral level as well as through relevant regional frameworks (e.g. the Rabat process and the follow up from the Valletta summit). Mobility partnerships have been established with Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan and negotiations with Lebanon are well advanced. The Commission also received a mandate from the Council to negotiate EU readmission agreements with Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.
The EU also faces complex security threats. As stated in the European Agenda on Security(2), EU internal security and global security are interlinked. The response must therefore be comprehensive and based on a coherent set of actions both within the EU and beyond. Security dialogues with Middle East and North African countries are a priority.
The EU action is complementary to the action of Member States. The Commission encourages regional cooperation with neighbouring countries. Engagement of the regions, such as PACA, is to be welcomed. However, the division of competence within one Member State is the responsibility of that Member State, on which the Commission has no jurisdiction.