1. The system of limits/fines for overproduction or excessive food waste seems unfeasible for several reasons. Food waste in different parts of the world cannot be compared easily: while in developed countries food waste takes place mainly from retail on, in developing countries this takes place mainly at primary production. Food producers already try to avoid food waste, as it carries an economic cost. Overproduction of food in primary production may depend on a number of factors beyond the control of farmers — e.g. weather, diseases, trade policy issues, etc. Finally, the data on food losses in primary production are very limited; therefore, setting up any comprehensive system would be very challenging.
2. The Commission has not analysed impacts and savings resulting from a decrease in overproduction as this phenomenon cannot be reliably predicted and assessed. However, the Commission has prepared an Impact Assessment, analysing economic and environmental impacts of several options of food waste prevention policy in the EU(1).
3. The Commission supports a large number of initiatives on harvesting, drying, storage handling and processing of agricultural products in developing countries. For example, the EU granted EUR 10 million to the Plantwise programme(2) which has established sustainable networks of plant clinics for smallholders, with a focus on avoiding losses in Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Uganda and Zambia. Another example is the Gratitude project(3) (EUR 2.85 million) which aims to demonstrate ways to improve the post-harvest management of cassava and yams leading to reduced physical losses. It involves a combination of activities across 16 research and private sector organisations spanning Europe, Africa and Asia.