Ensuring global food security is a major challenge to which both development policy and EU’s internal agriculture policy respond. EU development cooperation policy supports growth of small farmers and small agricultural enterprises in developing countries, while EU agriculture and food industries are important suppliers of high quality and safe agricultural and food products in a growing world market.
The Commission considers that development cooperation, combined with trade, is a powerful engine of growth in developing countries, particularly for farmers and aims at putting trade at the service of inclusive growth and sustainable development. Under the European Development Fund specific technical assistance is provided to African countries to improve their compliance with EU Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary requirements and hence to facilitate access of their produce and foodstuff to the European market.
Assisting EU’s partner countries, many of whom are in Sub-Saharan Africa, to better address the challenges and opportunities of migration is an integral part of the EU’s development policy(1) and cooperation. As part of the EU’s overall efforts to address migration, the Commission is working with sub-Saharan African partners to address the drivers/root causes of irregular migration/forced displacement. This includes addressing socioeconomic development, resilience and security and stability through a range of programmes and financial instruments.
The Commission refers the Honourable Member to the 2015 EU Report on Policy coherence for development(2) which indicates that ‘the systematic use of export refunds to subsidise EU farm prices on the global market has been stopped since January 2014’.