Answer – Compatibility of Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline with the European Energy Union – P-015380/2015

In its communication on the State of the Energy Union of 18 November 2015, the Commission took note of the project on building two further stretches of the Nord Stream pipeline.

The Commission expressed its view that, if built, Nord Stream 2 would not give access to a new source of supply and, if built, would further increase transmission capacity from Russia to the EU, while even now this is only used at 50% rate. This could have a negative impact on the existing transit routes, including via Ukraine. In this context, the Commission maintains its position that Ukraine continues to be a reliable transit partner for Russian gas and that it is in the interest of all parties that Ukraine remains an important transit country.

The Commission also analyses the strategic impact of the project on EU gas markets. In this context, the EU will support infrastructure projects that are in line with the core principles of the Energy Union, including those of the EU Energy Security Strategy, which were re-iterated by the European Council(1). Furthermore, the Commission acts towards more interconnected and competitive gas markets in Europe, with initiatives such as the Southern Gas Corridor as well as Central East South Europe Gas Connectivity High Level Group.

Finally, the Commission will deliver a set of initiatives early 2016 of particular relevance for security of supply, notably with regard to natural gas, including inter alia (i) the review of the regulation on Security of Supply for gas, (ii) the review of the Inter-Governmental Agreement Decision, (iii) the LNG and storage strategy in addition to (iv) the strategy for heating and cooling.

(1) Conclusions from the European Council meeting of 17-18 December 2015.