Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is a viral infection of bovines, with a seasonal character, persistent nature and a number of scientific uncertainties related to its epidemiology.
Current EU measures for LSD include killing and disposal of all cattle in affected holdings and establishment of specific zones restricting the trade of live animals and products (e.g. skins) to prevent spread of the disease. These zones include ‘infected zones’ where LSD was confirmed and vaccination may be implemented and ‘free zones with vaccination’ where vaccination is implemented but LSD was not confirmed.
Given the nature of the disease, the review of the current ‘infected zones’ and modification of related measures can only be carried out in the light of the latest scientific knowledge, the epidemiological situation, and trade regulations at international level. However, any facilitation of the movements of live bovines should not compromise safe trade.
The Commission acknowledges the efforts of Bulgaria, the first country to complete vaccination against LSD in South East Europe, and will continue to work closely with the Bulgarian authorities to further refine the current safeguard measures.