The new European Consensus on Development(1) highlights the importance of supporting smallholders, including pastoralists, contributing substantially to food security and to fighting soil erosion and biodiversity loss, while providing jobs.
The 2017 Joint Communication of the Commission and the High Representative on ‘A Strategic Approach to Resilience(2) in the EU’s external action’ recognises the need to move from crisis containment to a more structural, long-term approach to vulnerabilities. It aims to strengthen the adaptability of states, societies and individuals to political, economic or environmental pressures, and their capacity to restore livelihoods.
Evidence shows that, in arid and semi-arid areas where most food crises have recently occurred, pastoralism is the most environmentally sustainable and economically profitable production system. Pastoralism is thus present in EU-funded programmes for the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, such as Chad PASTOR (EUR 28 million), fostering natural resources management in pastoral areas and improving the national legal framework.
The document on pastoralism the Commission referred to in 2014 was intended to discuss the nexus between pastoralism, security and resilience to climate change.
Since those considerations were embedded in the abovementioned Communication, the Commission decided not to publish a specific document on pastoralism.