Daily Archives: March 18, 2019

As Worldwide Smoking Rates Fall, Africa’s Shoot Up — With Deadly Consequences

Public health experts visit Malawi and Kenya, arguing that Africans must have access to lower-risk alternatives to smoking

LONDON, March 18, 2019 /PRNewswire/ — Smoking tobacco results in the world’s deadliest preventable diseases, ending the lives of half of all smokers prematurely. By the end of the century, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that one billion people will have died from a smoking-related disease.

Globally, smoking rates are decreasing, but in many lower and middle income countries, African nations among them, rates are increasing. WHO data show a steep rise in smoking in many African countries, with many 5-year projected increases at 5% and more.i

Public health experts from UK-based Knowledge∙Action∙Change have this week visited Lilongwe, Malawiii and Nairobi, Kenyaiii to launch No Fire, No Smoke – The Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2018 (GSTHR), a landmark report on the worldwide availability, regulation, and use of lower-risk alternatives to tobacco, such as e-cigarettes (vapes), heat-not-burn devices, and Swedish snus (pasteurized oral tobacco).

A proven public health strategy, harm reduction refers to policies, regulations, and actions that reduce health risks by providing safer forms of hazardous products or encouraging less risky behaviors, rather than simply banning them.

Independent evidence from the UK government’s leading public health body demonstrated recently that vaping is at least 95% safer than smoking tobacco. Yet despite the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) of 2003 citing harm reduction as one of its main tactics, the WHO has been persistently negative about e-cigarettes, has called for their ban or strict regulation, and sees them as a threat, rather than as a public health opportunity.

Partnering with the information dissemination project, Tobacco Harm Reduction Malawi, and the newly launched Campaign for Safer Alternatives based in Kenya, the GSTHR report’s publishers presented global findings on tobacco harm reduction, showing that many smokers have switched to safer products and dramatically reduced the risks associated with smoking.

“We need to halt the dramatic rises in smoking rates in Africa which are predicted by WHO,” asserted Professor Gerry Stimson, Director of KnowledgeActionChange and Emeritus Professor at Imperial College London. “Most smokers want to quit smoking, but they find it hard to stop using nicotine. Around the world, millions of lives depend on both consumer and government acceptance of safer alternatives to smoking.”

Chimwemwe Ngoma, Project Manager, Tobacco Harm Reduction Malawi and holder of a Global Tobacco Harm Reduction Scholarship, declared: “Tobacco Harm Reduction Malawi believes that all citizens of Malawi should be informed of the health consequences, addictive nature, and mortal threat posed by tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke. Malawians should be able to make more informed public and personal choices, including having access to safer nicotine products, to enable them to live longer and healthier lives.”

Joseph Magero, Chair of the Campaign for Safer Alternatives and holder of a Global Tobacco Harm Reduction Scholarship, noted: “Society’s relationship with tobacco and nicotine is changing due to developments in technology, such as vapes and other safer nicotine products. The Campaign for Safer Alternatives has formally launched this week to ensure more people across East Africa receive accurate information on alternatives to smoking. By arming people with information, we can finally begin to curb the tobacco epidemic.”

The No Fire, No Smoke – Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction 2018 report and this press release are published by Knowledge∙Action∙Change, a private sector public health agency based in the United Kingdom.

i  The graphic entitled African region – increasing daily tobacco prevalence trends can be downloaded and reproduced with credit to GSTHR at https://gsthr.org/images/charts/chapter2/2.5.jpg
ii March 13-14, 2019, Golden Peacock Hotel, Lilongwe, Malawi. For further information about the event, contact Chimwemwe Ngoma, as above.
iii March 18, 2019, Hilton Garden Inn Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya. For further information about the event, contact Joseph Magero, as above.

Alors que les taux de tabagisme dans le monde reculent, ceux de l’Afrique grimpent en flèche — avec des conséquences mortelles

Des spécialistes de la santé publique se rendent au Malawi et au Kenya, et demandent que les Africains aient accès à des solutions moins risquées pour remplacer le tabac

LONDRES, 18 de marzo de 2019 /PRNewswire/ — Le tabagisme entraîne les maladies évitables les plus mortelles au monde, qui mettent fin prématurément à la vie de la moitié des fumeurs. À la fin du siècle, l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) estime qu’un milliard de personnes seront mortes d’une maladie liée au tabagisme.

Les taux de tabagisme sont en baisse à l’échelle mondiale, mais dans de nombreux pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire, parmi lesquels les pays africains, les taux sont en augmentation. Les données de l’OMS montrent une nette augmentation du tabagisme dans de nombreux pays africains, de nombreux pays connaissant une augmentation projetée sur 5 ans de 5 % et plus .i

Les spécialistes de la santé publique Knowledge Action Change , basés au Royaume-Uni, ont visité cette semaine Lilongwe, au Malawiii et Nairobi, au Kenyaiii afin de lancer «  Pas de feu, pas de fumée : situation mondiale de la réduction des risques liés au tabagisme 2018  » (Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction, GSTHR) , un rapport historique sur la disponibilité, la réglementation et l’utilisation à l’échelle mondiale de solutions de remplacement du tabac présentant un risque moindre, telles que les cigarettes électroniques (vapotage), les produits de tabac à chauffer sans combustion et le snus suédois (tabac oral pasteurisé).

Une stratégie de santé publique ayant fait ses preuves, la réduction des risques fait référence aux politiques, réglementations et actions visant à réduire les risques pour la santé en fournissant des formes plus sûres de produits dangereux ou en encourageant des comportements moins risqués, plutôt que de simplement les interdire.

Des preuves indépendantes émanant du principal organisme de santé publique du gouvernement britannique ont récemment démontré que le vapotage est au moins 95 % moins nocif que le tabac . Pourtant, malgré la Convention-cadre de l’OMS pour la lutte antitabac (CCLAT) de 2003 citant la réduction des risques comme l’une de ses principales tactiques, l’OMS a toujours été négative à propos des cigarettes électroniques, a appelé à leur interdiction ou à une réglementation stricte, et les considère comme une menace, plutôt que comme une opportunité pour la santé publique.

En partenariat avecle projet de diffusion des informations, Réduction des risques liés au tabagisme au Malawi (Tobacco Harm Reduction Malawi), et la nouvelle Campagne pour des alternatives plus sûres  (Campaign for Safer Alternatives) basée au Kenya, les éditeurs du rapport GSTHR ont présenté des conclusions à l’échelle mondiale sur la réduction des risques liés au tabagisme, qui montrent que les fumeurs ont opté pour des produits plus sûrs et ont considérablement réduit les risques liés au tabac.

« Nous devons mettre fin à la hausse spectaculaire du taux de tabagisme en Afrique annoncée par l’OMS », a affirmé le professeur Gerry Stimson, directeur de Knowledge Action Change et professeur émérite à l’Imperial College London. « La plupart des fumeurs veulent arrêter de fumer, mais ils ont du mal à arrêter de consommer de la nicotine. Dans le monde entier, des millions de vies dépendent de l’acceptation par le consommateur et les gouvernements d’alternatives plus sûres au tabagisme. »

Chimwemwe Ngoma, chef de projet de la Réduction des risques liés au tabagisme au Malawi et titulaire d’une bourse d’études mondiale sur la réduction des risques liés au tabagisme , a déclaré : « La Réduction des risques liés au tabagisme au Malawi estime que tous les citoyens du Malawi devraient être informés des conséquences sur la santé, du caractère addictif et de la menace mortelle que représentent la consommation de tabac et l’exposition à la fumée du tabac. Les Malawiens devraient pouvoir faire des choix publics et personnels plus éclairés, notamment avoir accès à des produits à base de nicotine plus sûrs, afin de leur permettre de vivre plus longtemps et en meilleure santé. »

Joseph Magero, président de la Campagne pour des alternatives plus sûres et titulaire d’une bourse d’études mondiale sur la réduction des risques liés au tabagisme , a noté : « Les relations de la société avec le tabac et la nicotine sont en train de changer en raison des progrès technologiques, tels que les cigarettes électroniques et les autres produits plus sûrs contenant de la nicotine. La Campagne pour des alternatives plus sûres a été officiellement lancée cette semaine pour veiller à ce que davantage de personnes en Afrique de l’Est reçoivent des informations précises sur les alternatives au tabagisme. En informant les gens, nous pouvons enfin commencer à enrayer l’épidémie de tabac. »

Le rapport « Pas de feu, pas de fumée : situation mondiale de la réduction des risques liés au tabagisme 2018 » et ce communiqué de presse sont publiés par Knowledge ∙ Action ∙ Change , une agence de santé publique du secteur privé basée au Royaume-Uni.

iLe graphique intitulé African region – increasing daily tobacco prevalence trends peut être téléchargé et reproduit en créditant le GSTHR sur https://gsthr.org/images/charts/chapter2/2.5.jpg
ii13-14 mars 2019, Golden Peacock Hotel, Lilongwe, Malawi. Pour plus d’informations sur l’événement, contactez Chimwemwe Ngoma, comme indiqué ci-dessus.
iii18 mars 2019, Hilton Garden Inn Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya. Pour plus d’informations sur l’événement, contactez Joseph Magero, comme indiqué ci-dessus.

Minister Rob Davies briefs media on Brexit negotiations, 18 Mar

Members of the media are invited to a media briefing by the Minister of Trade and Industry, Dr Rob Davies who will provide an update on the outcomes of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), Mozambique and the United Kingdom (UK) Ministerial discussions rollover of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). SACU and Mozambique have been discussing the UK the rollover of the EPA to avoid trade disruption post-Brexit.

Date: Monday, 18 March 2019

Time: 14h30

Venue: Imbizo Media Centre Parliament, Cape Town

The meeting discussed the outstanding issues in the rollover of the Economic Partnership Agreement and UK which include cumulation, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures.

Source: Government of South Africa

Brand South Africa and InvestSA embark on Investment Promotion Roadshow, 19 to 30 Mar

Brand South Africa and InvestSA embark on an Investment Promotion Roadshow

Brand South Africa in collaboration with the Department of Trade and Industry’s InvestSA will be embarking on an investment promotion roadshow to Switzerland, Germany, France and India from 19 30 March 2019.

The primary objective of the investment promotion roadshow is to engage with stakeholders from government and business to discuss factors pertinent to enhancing South Africa as a more attractive investment destination partner to these important markets.

General Manager for Global Markets at Brand South Africa, Dr Judy Smith-HAlhn said: Today, South Africa is one of the most sophisticated, diverse and promising emerging markets globally. Strategically located at the tip of the African continent, and ranked as one of the most powerful economies on the continent, the country is a key investment location, both for the market opportunities that lie within its borders and as a financial services gateway to the rest of the African continent. Overall South Africa performs well in the Nation Brand Index and engaging business in these markets is important for Brand SA. The investment announcements that have been made by companies since the launch of President Ramaphosa’s investment drive attests to our competitiveness profile. It has boosted the economy and positioned South Africa as a key global partner for growth and investment.

Acting Deputy Director General for InvestSA, Mr Yunus Hoosen, says the investment promotion roadshow is in alignment with South Africa’s five-year investment drive which seeks to raise R1.2 trillion in domestic and international investments as a means to reigniting the economy. As part of InvestSA’s mandate to support investors exploring opportunities in South Africa by helping with information, facilitation and aftercare, the roadshow will focus on Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act, local content, Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE), Equity Equivalent Investment Program, Intellectual Property and well as update on Protection and Promotion of Investment Act.

South Africa offers a combination of developed first world economic infrastructure and a growing emerging market. Its investment potential lies in its diversity of sectors and industries. It is also a major trading nation, exporting and importing more than $167 billion worth of goods every year, from a location that makes it an ideal gateway into African and other global markets.

Our objective as InvestSA is to facilitate the increase in the quality and quantity of foreign and domestic direct investment by providing an investment recruitment, problem-solving and information service to retain and expand investment in South Africa and into Africa. As well as to actively market, promote and facilitate investment in key high-yielding growth sectors of the South African economy, added Hoosen.

The India leg of the investment promotion roadshow will be hosted in collaboration with the South African High Commission and the South African Consulate-General, with business engagements scheduled to take place in New Delhi and Mumbai respectively.

This visit follows on President Cyril Ramaphosa’s state visit to India in January where a three-year strategic programme of cooperation was signed by both President Ramaphosa and Prime Minister Modi.

Switzerland, Germany and France have been long term investors in South Africa with many of their Multinationals located in South Africa. These countries are also key trading partners of South Africa.

In addition to its role as an important emerging economy, South Africa is also seen as regional manufacturing hub to other African markets by investors. Apart from the traditional economic sectors for which South Africa is renowned for, new industries and investment opportunities in energy and infrastructure, the information and telecommunication industry, clean tech as well as the health care market are considered attractive future markets for potential investors

Source: Government of South Africa

Cameroon Protests US Criticism During Nagy Visit

YAOUNDE As the top U.S. diplomat for Africa visits Cameroon, pro-government groups are protesting what they call Tibor Nagy’s interference in Cameroon’s internal affairs.

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Nagy and the European Union representative Federica Mogherini recently called on Cameroon to free opposition leader Maurice Kamto and 150 of his supporters.

They also urged Cameroon authorities to work harder to stop the violence in its western, anglophone separatist regions.

The coordinator for Monday’s protest, Lilian Koulou Engoulou, said the demonstrators want Nagy to hear them and take their message back to Washington.

America should stop interfering in Cameroon’s internal issues, Engoulou said, and should help end the crisis in the English-speaking northwest and southwest regions by stopping Cameroonians based in the U.S. from funding what he calls terrorists and destabilizing Cameroon.

The last comment refers to separatist leaders based in the U.S. who have appealed on social media for contributions to help the fighters back home.

Communications Minister Rene Emmanuel Sadi, who has previously accused the U.S. of harboring separatist leaders, said last week that Cameroon was outraged by Nagy’s statements.

Aime Manga of Cameroon Rights Watch, a local group, said officials should take Nagy’s comments as helpful suggestions rather than criticism.

It is public knowledge that Cameroon has a serious political and social crisis, he said, and Nagy’s comments bring hope to many who want democracy.

Cameroon has detained Kamto and his supporters since January for taking part in anti-government demonstrations. They are being tried in military courts for charges that include rebellion and could face the death penalty.

In comments made days before his arrival Sunday in Yaounde, Nagy said it’s not always positive to arrest opposition members during times of crisis.

He also called the death and suffering in Cameroon’s rebellion heartbreaking and urged authorities to do more to end the fighting.

Source: Voice of America