Daily Archives: May 30, 2014

Africa: Sudan

U.S. Relations With Sudan

Bureau of African Affairs
Fact Sheet
May 30, 2014

More information about Sudan is available on the Sudan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Sudan in 1956, following its independence from joint administration by Egypt and the United Kingdom. Sudan broke diplomatic relations with the United States in 1967 after the start of the Arab-Israeli War. Relations were reestablished in 1972. In the 1990s, Sudan’s links with international terrorist organizations led the United States to designate Sudan a state sponsor of terrorism in 1993 and suspend U.S. Embassy operations in 1996. The U.S. Embassy was reopened in 2002.

The United States played a key role in helping create the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between Sudan and South Sudan that laid the groundwork for South Sudan's 2011 independence referendum and secession. Several disputes between Sudan and South Sudan remain unresolved post-independence, including border demarcation and the status of the Abyei region. The United States supports the efforts of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel to help the parties work through these issues.

U.S. policy in Sudan seeks to achieve a definitive end to gross human rights abuses and conflicts, including in Darfur, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan, and to ensure that Sudan does not provide a safe haven for international terrorists.

U.S. Assistance to Sudan

In the face of widespread humanitarian needs caused by conflict, displacement and natural disasters, the United States has been a major donor of humanitarian aid to the people of Sudan throughout the last quarter century. The United States supports democratic development in Sudan, as well as a transition from emergency assistance to development assistance where conditions and security allow. Current development assistance is focused on conflict mitigation and civil society engagement. No U.S. assistance is provided directly to the Government of Sudan.

Bilateral Economic Relations

In 1997, the United States imposed comprehensive economic, trade and financial sanctions against Sudan due to its support for international terrorism, ongoing efforts to destabilize neighboring governments and the prevalence of human rights violations. In 2007, the United States imposed new economic sanctions on Sudan in response to the government’s continued complicity in violence occurring in the Darfur region of Sudan. The sanctions block assets of Sudanese citizens implicated in Darfur violence and sanction additional companies owned or controlled by the Government of Sudan. Sanctions underscore the U.S. commitment to ending the suffering of the millions of Sudanese affected by the crisis in Darfur.

The United States and Sudan have a small amount of bilateral trade. Sudan is a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, which has a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement with the United States.

Sudan's Membership in International Organizations

Sudan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund and World Bank. Sudan also is an observer to the World Trade Organization.

Bilateral Representation

There currently is no U.S. Ambassador to Sudan; the U.S. Charge d'Affaires a.i. is Jerry P. Lanier. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List. In 2013, Donald Booth was appointed U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan.

Sudan maintains an embassy in the United States at 2210 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20008, tel: (202) 338-8565.

More information about Sudan is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Sudan Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Sudan Page
U.S. Embassy: Sudan
USAID Sudan Page
History of U.S. Relations With Sudan
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Office of Foreign Assets Control Sanctions Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information

Cholera outbreak, South Sudan

GENEVA, Switzerland, May 30, 2014 – On 15 May 2014, the Ministry of Health of South Sudan declared a cholera outbreak in Juba. The index case was retrospectively identified with onset of illness on 23 April 2014. Four cases have been laboratory confirmed following tests conducted by the African Medical Research Foundation laboratory in Nairobi, Kenya.

As of 25 May 2014, a cumulative total of 586 cholera cases, including 22 deaths (13 in hospital and 9 community deaths) have been reported. The majority of the deaths reported in hospital died on arrival. Cases have been reported from eight of 15 Payams (sub-counties) in Juba county with the most affected payam being Muniki, accounting for 25% of the reported cases.

In response to the cholera outbreak, the Ministry of Health developed a cholera response plan and established a Cholera Response Task force which coordinates both health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) activities. Plans to establish a Cholera Command and Control Centre (C4) in Juba are in final stages. The C4 will strengthen the coordination of the outbreak response and support the emergency response task forces in all 10 States.

WHO and partners are supporting the Ministry of Health to coordinate the cholera outbreak response activities; conduct rapid assessments, alert and outbreak investigations and confirmation; establish Cholera Treatment Centres and infection prevention and control; engage in active surveillance as well as supervising safe burial of the deceased. The Task Force is also coordinating regular meetings and public health education and awareness activities at all levels and producing situational reports and other outbreak documents. The WASH cluster is promoting hand washing and proper disposal of solid and liquid waste, as well as household water chlorination.

The Ministry of Health, with the support of WHO, UNICEF, MSF, and Medair, conducted oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaigns in February 2014 in Tomping and Juba III camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) targeting over 33,000 IDPs and achieved more than 80% vaccine coverage in an effort to prevent a possible cholera outbreak among the IDPs.

WHO response

WHO has deployed experts (including epidemiologists, logisticians, public health officers, et al.), medical materials, and other resources to support the response to the cholera outbreak and is also deploying experts to conduct a risk assessment, as well as to provide technical support to the WASH cluster.

Given the ongoing conflict and crisis situation in the country, the poor prevailing sanitary conditions, the beginning of the rainy season, and the history of cholera outbreaks in the country, WHO , in collaboration with the Ministry of Health of South Sudan, continues to monitor the situation for further spread in Juba and the surrounding areas.

Based on current information available for this event, WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied to South Sudan.

SOURCE: World Health Organization (WHO)

Central African Republic: Worrying upsurge in violence in Bangui

GENEVA, Switzerland, May 30, 2014-Following the recent upsurge in violence in Bangui over the past few days, the International Committee of the Red Cross calls on all sides to respect the right to life of all civilians, including the sick and wounded.

“We are very worried about the current situation in Bangui,” explained Jürg Eglin, head of the ICRC delegation in the Central African Republic. “The life and dignity of civilians must be respected and protected at all times.”

The ICRC has medical teams in Bangui Community Hospital to care for the wounded.

“We must be allowed to evacuate sick and wounded people, and collect the bodies of the dead, in complete safety and without hindrance,” said Jürg Eglin. “We call on all weapon bearers to allow the ICRC access to carry on our neutral and impartial work.

SOURCE: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

TMB honored as the Best Bank in Central Africa

KIGALI, Rwanda, May 30, 2014– TMB (http://www.trustmerchantbank.com) has been announced as the Best Bank in Central Africa at the prestigious African Banker Awards. The awards ceremony was held in Kigali, Rwanda, during the African Development Bank’s 50th anniversary Annual Meetings.

Photo: http://www.photos.apo-opa.com/plog-content/images/apo/photos/african-banker-awards.jpg

Logo Trust Merchant Bank (TMB): http://www.photos.apo-opa.com/plog-content/images/apo/logos/tmb.jpg

Logo African Banker Awards: http://www.photos.apo-opa.com/plog-content/images/apo/logos/aba-1.jpg

The awards ceremony was attended by numerous ministers of finance, central bank governors and bank CEOs. Mr. Yannick Mbiya Ngandu, member of TMB executive management committee, received the award trophy on behalf of the Bank.

The African Banker Awards was one of the first events created exclusively for the sector to celebrate and recognise the individuals and financial institutions contributing to the rapid modernisation of Africa’s banking industry and to changed perceptions of the continent’s domestic and international markets. It remains the only competition event exclusively for the African banking community to be endorsed by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the High Patron of the event and the leading sponsor.

TMB is extremely honored to have won the award of the Best Bank in Central Africa. The award goes to the bank that has excelled in the banking industry in the region. The winning bank is the one that has succeeded in reaching out to new customers, promoting financial inclusion by bringing the unbanked into the banking space, and has made use of new technologies, whilst all the time contributing to a stronger financial sector. The winning bank has demonstrated strong credentials across its activities and played an active role in driving economic growth in the region.

TMB, notre banque pour la vie.

Distributed by APO (African Press Organization) on behalf of Trust Merchant Bank (TMB).

About Trust Merchant Bank

Trust Merchant Bank (TMB) has, in the ten years since its inception in 2004, grown to become one of the largest banks in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). TMB is today the only commercial bank operating in each of the DRC’s eleven provinces, and with a balance sheet of over US$550 million boasts the country’s largest branch network and client base.

For more information please visit http://www.trustmerchantbank.com or contact communications@tmb.cd

SOURCE: Trust Merchant Bank (TMB)

Hilde F. Johnson To Complete Her Term As SRSG in July

JUBA, South Sudan, May 30, 2014 – The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for South Sudan, Hilde F. Johnson, met with the President of the Republic of South Sudan, H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit, earlier this morning and delivered the following statement to members of the news media at the conclusion of that meeting:

I’ve had a very constructive and good meeting with the President, His Excellency Salva Kiir Mayardit of the Republic of South Sudan. We have today discussed the new mandate for UNMISS passed by the Security Council early this week on Tuesday and I wanted also to inform the President that Security Council members have told me – they are responsible of course for the resolution – that they have consulted and informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on several occasions prior to the Security Council’s decision.

I also used the opportunity to reflect with the President that this is a new mandate, it is different from the one that was decided when I came in as the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG), which was in 2011. It is different and will imply changes also for the Mission. I informed the President that by Independence Day in July, I will have completed my three years as Special Representative, which is much more than usual for an SRSG in a peacekeeping mission of this nature, and in particular also with the crisis that we’ve gone through. I informed the President that I have come to the end of my term and I will be departing South Sudan.

It’s been a real honor to serve, and I will still be here for a few we eks. South Sudan really has a strong place in my heart and will contin! ue to have that. Thank you very much.