Monthly Archives: September 2012

سندھ اسمبلی کی کارکردگی پر رپورٹ جاری

کراچی، 29 ستمبر 2012ء (ایشیانیٹ پاکستان): فری اینڈ فیئر الیکشن نیٹ ورک (فافن) کی جانب سے جاری ہونے والی ایک رپورٹ کے مطابق نومبر 2011ء سے مئی 2012ء تک سندھ اسمبلی کے ہونے والے پانچ اجلاسوں میں تعلیم کے حوالے سے معاملات پر قانون سازی اور صحت کی تنصیبات تک رسائی کو بہتر بنانے اور اقلیتوں کو جبراً مذہب تبدیل کرنے مجبور کرنے کے خلاف مذمتی قرارداریں نمایاں رہیں۔

یہ رپورٹ فافن کے شریک ادارے پاکستان پریس فاؤنڈیشن (پی پی ایف) کی جانب سے اسمبلی کی کارروائی کے براہ راست مشاہدے پر مبنی ہے۔ فافن کے پارلیمنٹ واچ نے 2011ء کی دوسری ششماہی میں صوبائی اسمبلی کی کارروائیوں کا مشاہدہ کرنا شروع کیا۔

ان پانچ اجلاسوں کے دوران حزب اقتدار کی جانب سے 14 بل منظور کیے گئے، جن میں سے آٹھ موجودہ قوانین میں ترامیم کے حوالے سے تھے۔ ایوان نے اس عرصے میں نجی طور پر اراکین کی جانب سے پیش کردہ چار میں سے کوئی بل منظور نہیں کیا جن میں گھریلو تشدد سے تحفظ کا بل 2008ء بھی شامل ہے، جسے موخر کر دیا گیا۔ البتہ نجی طور پر اراکین کی جانب سے پیش کردہ دو بل: مذہبی اقلیتوں کے تحفظ کا بل 2012ء اور رجسٹریشن (سندھ ترمیمی) بل 2012ء اس عرصے کے دوران ایوان میں پیش کیے گئے۔

اساتذہ کی جانب سے مستقل ملازمتوں کے مطالبے اور انہیں اپنی تدریسی صلاحیتوں کو بہتر بنانے کےمواقع فراہم کرنے کے لیے سندھ ریگولرائزیشن آف ٹیچرز  آن کانٹریکٹ بیسز بل اور سندھ ٹیچرز ایجوکیشن ڈیولپمنٹ اتھارٹی بل 2012ء منظور کیے گئے۔ دو دیگر بلوں کی منظوری کے بعد انڈس انسٹیٹیوٹ آف ہائیر ایجوکیشن اور سندھ مدرسۃ الاسلام کو جامعات کا درجہ دیا گیا۔

رپورٹ کا کہناہے کہ وزیر اعلیٰ نے 110 گھنٹوں اور 46 منٹوں پر مشتمل 48 سیشنز میں سے 15 میں شرکت کی۔ اسپیکر نے 38 اور ڈپٹی اسپیکر نے 26 سیشنز کی صدارت کی۔ متحدہ قومی موومنٹ کے پارلیمانی رہنما نے تین کے سوا تمام سیشنز میں شرکت کی (جو تمام سیشنز کا 93 فیصد بنتا ہے) جس کے بعد پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی پارلیمنٹیرین اور عوامی نیشنل پارٹی کے رہنما آتے ہیں، جو 29، 29 سیشنز میں شریک رہے۔

168 اراکین پر مشتمل ایوان میں ایک چوتھائی اراکین کی موجود سے ہونے والے اجلاسوں میں، تاکہ کورم پورا ہو سکے، اراکین کی مجموعی حاضری اوسطاً ہر اجلاس کے آغاز پر صرف 46 اور اختتام پر 68 رہی۔

ایوان نے مختلف سیاسی و سماجی مسائل پر اراکین کی جانب سے پیش کردہ 48 میں سے 40 قرارداروں کو منظور کیا۔ ان میں دیگر قراردادوں کے ساتھ ساتھ وفاقی حکومت سے سابق وزیر اعظم بے نظیر بھٹو کے قتل کی رپورٹ شایع کرنے کے مطالبے کے علاوہ سندھ میں نئے صوبے کے مطالبے کے لیے کراچی میں کی گئی چاکنگ اور چسپاں پوسٹرز کی مذمتی قراردادیں بھی شامل تھیں۔ وفاقی حکومت اور عدلیہ کے درمیان این آر او فیصلے کے حوالے سے تناؤ کے باوجود قانون سازوں نے جمہوری سیٹ اپ پر اعتماد ظاہر کیا۔

ایوان نے اقلیتوں کی جبراً  تبدیلی مذہب پر مجبور کرنے کی بھی مذمت کی، اور ملک کی ترقی میں اُن کے حصے کو نمایاں کرنے کے لیے نصاب میں جگہ دینے کا مطالبہ کیا، اور “اچھی صحت” کو شہریوں کا “بنیادی حق” تسلیم اور سوات میں امن اور لڑکیوں کی تعلیم کے فروغ کی ضرورت پر زور دیا۔

گو کہ اراکین نے صحت، تعلیم اور خوراک کے حوالے سے اپنے حلقوں اور صوبائی مسائل پر 30 نجی تحاریک پیش کی لیکن ان میں سے کسی کو بھی بحث کے لیے منظور نہیں کیا گیا۔

ایجنڈے پر موجود 536 سوالات میں سے ایوان نے 278 پیش کیے۔ اضافی طور پر 1202 اضافی سوالات بھی پوچھے گئے۔ بیشتر سوالات وزارت ماہی گیری (36)، ورکس اینڈ سروسز (32)، آبپاشی (30) اور صنعت اور جیل خانہ جات (28، 28) کے حوالے سے رہے۔ خاتون اراکین اس حیثیت میں زیادہ متحرک رہیں جنہوں نے ایجنڈے میں 354 سوالات پیش کیے۔

پانچ اجلاسوں میں اراکین، 19 خواتین اور 58 مرد، نے 398 پوائنٹس آف آرڈر اٹھائے، جنہوں نے ان اجلاسوں کے کل وقت کا 15 فیصد حصہ یعنی 1018 منٹ صرف کیے۔

پی پی ایف کے بارے میں:

پاکستان پریس فاؤنڈیشن (پی پی ایف) ایک آزاد میڈیا ریسرچ،ڈاکیومنٹیشن اور ٹریننگ سینٹر ہے جو آزادئ صحافت کے فروغ اور دفاع کے لیے کام کر رہا ہے۔ پی پی ایف بین الاقوامی سطح پر ایک معتبر ادارہ تسلیم کیا گیا ہے جو صحافت کے معیارات کو بہتر بنانے اور آزادئ اظہار رائے کے دفاع کے لیے کام کر رہا ہے۔ پی پی ایف فافن کا تاسیسی رکن ہے۔

فافن کے بارے میں:

ٹرسٹ فار ڈیموکریٹک ایجوکیشن اینڈ اکاؤنٹیبلٹی (TDEA) کے زیر انتظام 2006ء میں قائم شدہ فری اینڈ فیئر الیکشن نیٹ ورک (فافن) پاکستان میں جمہوری ذمہ داریوں کی تمام اقسام کو مضبوط تر کرنے کے لیے 42 معروف سول سوسائٹی آرگنائزیشز کا اتحاد ہے۔

Report on performance of Sindh Assembly launched

KARACHI, September 29, 2012 (Asianet-Pakistan): The five sessions of the Sindh Assembly held between November 2011 and May 2012 were marked by legislation on education-related issues, and resolutions for improving access to health facilities, and condemning forced conversions of minorities, says a report launched by the Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN)

The report is based on direct observation of the Assembly proceedings done by Pakistan Press Foundation (PPF), a FAFEN partner organization. FAFEN’s Parliament Watch started observing the proceedings of the provincial assemblies in the second half of 2011.

Out of the 14 government-backed bills passed during the five sessions, eight were amendments to existing laws.  The House did not pass any of the four private member’s bills during the reporting period including the Prevention of Domestic Violence Bill 2008, which was deferred. However two private members’ bills: the Protection of Religious Minorities Bill 2012 and the Registration (Sindh Amendment) Bill, 2012were introduced in the House during this period.

To address teachers’ demand for permanent jobs and to provide them with opportunities to improve their teaching skills, the Sindh Regularization of Teachers appointed on Contract Basis Bill and the Sindh Teachers Education Development Authority Bill 2012 were passed. Following the passage of two other bills, the Indus Institute of Higher Education and Sindh Madressat-ul-Islam were given the status of universities.

The report said the Chief Minister attended 15 of the 48 sittings which were spread over 110 hours and 46 minutes. The Speaker chaired 38 sittings and the Deputy Speaker presided over 26 sittings.MQM’s parliamentary leader attended all but three sittings (93% of all sittings), followed by the leaders of PPPP and ANP, who were present in 29 sittings each.

While at least one fourth of the 168 member House were present during these sessions on average, maintaining quorum, the  legislators’ overall attendance remained low as on average 46 members were present at the beginning and 68 at the end of eachsitting.

The House adopted 40 of the total 48 resolutions submitted by members regarding various political and social issues. Among others were resolutions urging thefederal government to publish the report on the assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, as well as others condemning wall chalking and posters in Karachi demanding a new province inSindh. Amid the tussle between the federal government and judiciary over implementing the NRO verdict, the legislators expressed confidence in the democratic setup.

The House also condemned forced conversions of minorities, called for highlighting their contribution in the curriculum in the country’s progress, recognized citizens’ “inalienable right” to “good health”, and sought peace and promotion of girls’ education in Swat.

Though the legislators submitted 30 private motions aboutconstituency and provincial issues such as health, education and food inflation, none of them was taken up for debate.

Out of the 536 starred questions on the agenda, the House took up 278. Additionally 1,202 supplementary questions were also asked. Most questions were directed to the ministries of fisheries (36), works and services (32), irrigation (30) and industries and jail (28 each). Women legislators were more active in their oversight roles as they brought 354 questions to the agenda.

During the five sessions, the legislators,19 females and 58 males, – raised 398 points of order, consuming 1,018 minutes or 15% of the total time of these sessions.

About PPF:

Pakistan Press Foundation (PPF) is an independent media research, documentation and training centre working to promote and defend freedom of press. PPF is recognised internationally as a credible organization working to improve the standards of journalism and defending freedom of expression. PPF is founding member of FAFEN.

About FAFEN:

Governed by Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability (TDEA), Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN), established in 2006, is a coalition of 42 leading civil society organizations working to strengthen all forms of democratic accountabilities in Pakistan.

Census accurate, can be used for policy formulation

Pretoria: The results of the 2011 Census, which were released on Tuesday – 12 months of the survey was conducted – are accurate and can be used in policy formulation, the Statistics Council has said. Head of the statutory body, Howard Gabriels, said: “We are satisfied with the results. They are accurate and are fit for use by all stakeholders.”

The census, said Gabriels, was undertaken with national and international standards and in line with the requirements of the Statistics Act. The Council had been monitoring the progress of the census and it had been assured of people’s confidentially in response to answers in the census’s questionnaire. The Council also welcomed the improvement in the timelines with the release of the Census results. The census was conducted over the course of October last year.

“We are pleased that Stats SA has improved on the timeliness of the release of the final count, this has been achieved in a period of 12 months compared with 21 months 10 years ago and 24 months in 1996. This will contribute to the relevance of the census,” said Gabriels.

The results released on Tuesday showed that South Africa’s population has swelled from 40.5 million in 1996 to 51.7 million in 2011. The census results were handed over to President Jacob Zuma this morning by the Statistician General Pali Lehohla.

Swartbooi advocates for Namibian shareholding in Skorpion

ROSH PINAH: Karas Regional Governor Bernardus Swartbooi is not happy that Skorpion Zinc mine is 100 per cent-owned by Skorpion and Vedanta Zinc International, and that no Namibians have shares in the mine.

Speaking during the inauguration of the State clinic at Rosh Pinah on Friday, the governor stated that it is high time that workers and other Namibian businesspeople are allowed to buy shares in Skorpion.

Swartbooi said people should have benefits of the country’s resources through shares.

“We cannot be afraid to say we want our people to be part of the mine. If Namibians cannot say it, who will say it,” he asked.

The governor also said it is disappointing that a region as rich as Karas experience a rate of 35 per cent malnutrition, thus resources need to benefit the people of the region and eradicate poverty.

“If it is a crime for other people to have shares in this mine, tell us which Article of the Namibian Constitution says so,” he directed the question to the Vedanta management.

Furthermore, he stated that the Rosh Pinah and Aussenkehr settlements should be proclaimed towns as early as 2014, to speed up development of such places.

“We cannot solely depend on mines, and we need to diversify the economy. Also Aussenkehr resources should be expropriated in the interest of the public,” the politician said.

Approached for comment, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Vedanta Zinc International, Kishore Kumar confirmed that the mine is 100 per cent owned by Vedanta and Skorpion.

He said it is indeed possible to have other companies on board, but to do that more resources or minerals need to be identified for mining before inviting people on board.

“The mine has a lifespan of four to five years from now, that’s a short period to invite people on board. However, we are not only here to mine zinc, but we also develop the economy,” Kumar responded.

Vedanta is a global metals and mining group originally from India, and operates in countries such as Zambia, South Africa, Ireland and Sri-Lanka.

Urgent need for customer service delivery: Ndaitwah

WINDHOEK: Minister of Environment and Tourism, Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah said there is an urgent need for customer service to improve, if Namibia wants to become one of the top tourism destinations in the world.

She made the call here on Friday during a one-day customer care workshop organised by the Namibia Tourism Board (NTB) in collaboration with the Commonwealth Secretariat and facilitated by the Centre for Tourism Policy Studies of the University of Brighton in the United Kingdom.

“Namibia is hosting the Adventure Travel Summit next year and we need a good understanding of international customers’ needs and their expectations,” she said.

Namibia has been selected to host the 2013 Adventure Travel World Summit, an international gathering of over 700 influential voices in the adventure travel industry.

The summit will be held from 26 to 31 October 2013, and marks the first time that the Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA) brings this global gathering to Africa.

Nandi-Ndaitwah suggested that customer service should be part of the country’s schools’ curriculum.

She raised the concern that communication skills of the front-line workforce in most sectors are considered to be relatively poor.

Speaking at the same occasion, NTB Chief Executive Officer Digu //Naobeb indicated that today, with tourism being ever-more competitive and tourists becoming smarter to demand better service, there is an opportunity for participants to better understand what customer service entails.

“We will support any effort aimed to improve tourism in Namibia, and train individuals who deal with the public such as receptionists, shop assistants, workers in bed and breakfasts, hotels, petrol service attendants, and taxi drivers,” he stressed.

A total of 25 representatives from the tourism industry attended the workshop that was facilitated by Dr Marina Novelli from the University of Brighton to discuss topics such as the value of customer service; benefits of tourism; understanding of customers; communicating effectively; dealing with difficult situations; and boosting business.

Novelli told Nampa on the sidelines of the workshop that delegates will assess the needs of the sector and make recommendations for future workshops earmarked for January 2013.

About 20 representatives of the tourism and related sectors will convene in Swakopmund, Ondangwa and Windhoek next year to provide training to more Namibians.

Novelli explained that it is part of a series of ‘mobile training’ to improve customer service delivery in Namibia.